How To Prevent Anxiety
For people with PNES, identifying the root cause or initial trigger of the seizures is particularly important for successful treatment.
Its a good idea to address any underlying psychiatric conditions you might have. Treating these may reduce or even eliminate your seizures.
Treatment for anxiety-induced seizures, both epileptic and nonepileptic, may include:
- Psychotherapy. Around 50% of people with PNES show improvement after 3 months of therapy. Types include cognitive behavioral therapy and prolonged exposure therapy, which is a type of CBT.
- Mindfulness. Practicing mindfulness may help improve quality of life in people with drug-resistant epilepsy.
- Medication. Many medications have been shown to significantly reduce both anxiety and seizures. These include:
While benzodiazepines are effective at treating anxiety and seizures, they come with some risks. If you take them, you may have a high chance of experiencing dependence and withdrawal.
We recommend exercising caution if youre considering medication. Before taking any, its a good idea to speak with your doctor about the benefits and risks and whether its right for you.
Alcohol Poisoning And Withdrawal
Alcohol poisoning, or an alcohol overdose, is when you drink a large amount of alcohol in a short amount of time. This can cause alterations in your fluid and electrolyte levels, resulting in seizures.
Alcohol withdrawal may also trigger a first-time seizure.
Heavy alcohol use can depress the central nervous system. Suddenly reducing alcohol consumption will affect the nervous system and can cause a seizure.
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Anxiety As A Symptom Of Epilepsy
Anxiety is not a purely psychological or psychosocial phenomenon. It also can occur as a direct result of neurobiological factors like abnormal brain function and seizures.
- Some factors that are responsible for seizures may also be responsible for anxiety, which can manifest itself in various ways in epilepsy. For instance, many people report feelings and symptoms of anxiety as part of their aura.
- Some components of anxiety, such as obsessiveness and agitation, may be seen in people with epilepsy-related psychosis.
- Similar anxiety can be seen in people with brain damage.
- Although the exact relationship between brain abnormalities and anxiety is extremely complex and not very well understood, it is clear that there is a relationship. Both psychological and biological components of anxiety are particularly apparent in people with seizures.
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Exercise Several Times Per Week
Exercise is an excellent coping mechanism for stress because its benefits are twofold. First, exercise helps boost endorphins and combat the emotional effects of stress. Secondly, exercise helps improve your cardiovascular health and thus help protect your body from the harmful effects of stress, such as high blood pressure.
How much exercise is enough to make a difference though? The American Heart Association recommends moderate physical activity for at least 40 minutes, three to four times per week, to reduce hypertension.
If youre able to, try exercising outdoors, as spending time in green spaces has also been linked to reduced stress levels.
Can Hormone Imbalance Cause Seizures
Are all seizures caused by hormone changes? Hormones generally do not cause seizures but can influence if or when their happen. Some women with epilepsy experience changes in their seizure patterns at times of hormonal fluctuations. For example, puberty is a time when hormones are stimulating body changes.
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How Stress Can Lead To Seizures
A new study finds that one-third of patients admitted to the epilepsy unit are not actually suffering from epileptic seizures: theyre suffering from stress.
As if we werent already stressed out enough about our stress levels, a new study reports that over a third of seizures in patients admitted to the Johns Hopkins in-patient epilepsy unit are actually psychogenic in nature, rather than epileptic. This means that the seizures were actually physical manifestations of emotional stress, and not the result of abnormal electrical activity in the brain, as with epilepsy. The psychogenic seizures in these patients were strongly linked to life stresses or, more specifically, to the methods the people used to cope with their stressors.
The team studied 40 healthy people, 20 people with confirmed epilepsy, and 40 people who had experienced psychogenic non-epileptic seizures . The participants filled out questionnaires to determine which coping style they tended to use, ranging from active coping to denial to religious coping to humor to behavioral or mental disengagement. They also indicated how many of 102 stressful life events theyd been through in the last five years, in the areas of family, legal matters, finances, work, and marriage.
The authors had wagered that the PNES patients would have had more life stressors than controls or epileptic patients, since previous research had suggested the connection.
But this was not what they found.
Focus On What You Can Control
Feeling like you dont have control over your work can significantly contribute to your stress-related risk of stroke. A large study found that jobs with high demand and low control, such as a restaurant server, were associated with a 22% increased risk of stroke compared with low demand and high control jobs.
Its not always possible to change jobs or jump into a low demand career, though. But the good news is that you can control how you think and respond in these situations. By focusing on what you can control and managing your thoughts, you can help limit the harmful effects of work-related stress. Try talking to friends, family members, or a therapist to help manage your thoughts and stress level.
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Psychological Mechanisms Of Stress
Psychological models of stress emphasize the role of the subjective interpretation of a stimulus or event. According to the dominant model of stress, the stress process consists of four stages: stimulus presentation, primary appraisal, secondary appraisal, and stress reaction . If the stimulus is appraised as threatening , and the individual’s coping resources are appraised as insufficient , the individual responds with a stress reaction. This involves negative emotional responses , as well as other behavioral reactions such as changed sleeping or dietary habits .
Treatment Of Psychogenic Non
The physicians, to begin with are not given proper training or proper devices to diagnose Psychogenic Non-Epileptic Seizures. Most of the patients are prescribed anti-epileptic drugs when the patients are not suffering from it at all. This is because the barely trained doctors miss the subtle differences between epileptic and non- epileptic seizures. The video EEG device is not available with most of the doctors which is an essential machine for the epileptologist.
It is sad that every form of neurological problem is still considered as madness, insanity or craziness by most of the people. Even people suffering from the disease refuse to be a victim and are in a state of denial, skepticism and suspicion. The recovery of the patient to a great extent depends upon the acceptance of the disease by the patient and also acceptance of the patient by the people around him or her. The will power of the patient to fight back to regain the previous self is very important. The people around the patient should be supportive and not suspend it as a case of mere madness. A person suffering from Psychogenic Non-Epileptic Seizures should be under the surveillance of a doctor as soon as the symptoms begin to show.
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Why Do I Forget Words When Speaking
If you forget words when speaking you could have aphasia and it can range from mild to severe. Aphasia is considered a communication disorder that is caused by damage or injury to the areas of the brain associated with language. This is more common in older adults and particularly those who have suffered from a stroke. People with aphasia may find it difficult speaking and finding the appropriate words to complete their thoughts. There are several types of aphasia and they can affect people in different ways. The most common types are Brocas aphasia, Wernicks aphasia and anomic aphasia.
How Can I Manage My Stress Levels
We all manage stress differently. A recent study of people suffering from stress-related seizures found that 90% of the people who took concrete steps to actively manage the stress in their lives believed it had reduced their seizure risk. Basically, if there is stress in your life, you should make a personal plan to make the situation better or to avoid it.
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Glucocorticoid And Crh And Hpa Axis
The density of hippocampal GRs was lower by ~50% in prenatal stress female offspring however, no difference was observed between prenatally stressed and control males . This female-specific decrease in hippocampal GRs was also shown by Weinstock et al. .
Szuran et al. restrained pregnant rat dams for 30 min/day during gestational days 1519. Prenatally stressed females had higher basal corticosterone levels . Exposure to exogenous glucocorticoids during the last week of gestation increased basal and stress-induced plasma corticosterone levels in adult rats and attenuated the HPA axis response . Endogenous glucocorticoids mediated some of the changes in HPA responsiveness in prenatally stressed offspring, both in rodents and primates .
Why Do I Get Seizures Around My Period
The hormonal changes during the menstrual cycle are the most likely cause of changes in seizure frequency. The brain contains many nerve cells that are directly affected by estrogen and progesterone, the main sex hormones in women. Studies in animals have shown that high doses of estrogen can cause or worsen seizures.
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Keep A Normal Routine If Possible
For some people, NES may disrupt their daily life or they may want to avoid acitivities in case they have a seizure. However, studies show that it can help to keep as normal a routine as possible, and to try to take part in activities with other people. This may help to avoid becoming isolated and anxious, which may make seizures more likely.
Treatment for NES may work best when someone is active in life, including working, studying, or taking part in other activities which are meaningful and satisfying.
If you are working, your employer has a responsibility to keep you and other employees safe at work. To do this, they may need to know about any medical conditions that affect you at work, including NES.
Your employer may need to do a ‘risk assessment’ to see if your condition may affect safety at work.
See our information on employment.
What Causes Dog Seizures
Dog seizures are caused by many differing reasons. Most commonly, dog seizures are caused by seizure disorders, like idiopathic epilepsy, which is typically inherited, but the cause is usually unknown. Epileptic seizures in dogs are characterized as repeated episodes of seizures.The severity of epilepsy depends on the type of epileptic seizures. For example, dog cluster seizures, defined as a dog who experiences multiple seizures in a 24 hour period can be very dangerous. Other common causes of seizures include issues with your dogs health such as eating poison, liver disease, low or high blood sugar, kidney disease, electrolyte problems, Anemia, head injury, Encephalitis, strokes and brain cancer.
Seizures commonly occur when the canines brain has a change in activity, which can occur through stimulation from the environment, things around the house, foods, medications and of course, stress.
Affected dogs can appear to be completely normal between seizures, so one question that is typically on every pet owners mind is: What causes seizures in dogs? While seizures seem to occur spontaneously, many factors have been identified as possible dog seizure triggers.
But naturally, the answer is never simple, there are plenty of causes that may potentially trigger a seizure including environment, things around the house, foods, medications and of course, stress.
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Can Weight Loss Stop Seizures
Several studies have shown that the ketogenic diet does reduce or prevent seizures in many children whose seizures could not be controlled by medications. Over half of children who go on the diet have at least a 50% reduction in the number of their seizures. Some children, usually 10-15%, even become seizure-free.
What Makes Epileptic Seizures Different From Pnes
An epileptic seizure occurs as a result of changes in electrical signaling in the brain.
Typically, your brain has regular rhythmic patterns of electrical signaling. But if youre having an epileptic seizure, these patterns suddenly become disrupted. Instead of firing in the typical pattern, your neurons fire in synchrony, with big bursts of electrical activity.
Nonepileptic seizures like PNES, on the other hand, are not the result of a disruption in brain activity. Another physiological issue or acute psychological stress is generally the cause.
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When Do I Increase My Chances Of Having Seizures
Many people with epilepsy say that sleep deprivation, increased alcohol consumption, and menstrual changes lead to an increase in seizure frequency. You probably already knew that. What you may want to know is why. The reason is that all of these situations change your brain’s excitability. Your brain is very sensitive to these changes, and if there is a big enough change from normal, you may begin to have a seizure.
Emotional stress also can lead to seizures. Emotional stress is usually related to a situation or event that has personal meaning to you. It may be a situation in which you feel a loss of control. In particular, the kind of emotional stress that leads to most seizures is worry or fear. One study found that in some patients, anxietyanother term for worry and fearled to hyperventilation and an increase in abnormal brain activity and seizures. Other emotions that have been linked with stress and seizures are frustration and anger. Sometimes the stress is a ‘major’ event, but most often people report a build up of daily hassles or stress.
Anxiety And Depression In Newly Diagnosed Epilepsy: A Matter Of Psychological History
- 1Laboratoire de Neurosciences Cognitives et Adaptatives , Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique , Université de Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France
- 2Département de Neurologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Nancy, Nancy, France
- 3Unité de Formation et de Recherche Médecine Paris Centre, Université de Paris, Paris, France
- 4Centre de Recherche en Automatique de Nancy , Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique , Université de Lorraine, Nancy, France
Purpose: Anxiety and depression are highly prevalent in patients with epilepsy , and these symptoms can even precede the onset of the pathology. We aimed to define the prevalence of anxiety and depressive symptoms at the time of the epilepsy diagnosis and the factors related to their presence in newly diagnosed adult patients.
Methods: One hundred and twelve newly diagnosed patients were assessed, usually in the week after diagnosis. Patients were untreated at this time. We used the Neurological Disorders Depression Inventory for Epilepsy and the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-Item scale . A semi-structured interview was conducted to collect sociodemographic and epilepsy data and patients psychiatric history. We first compared patients with and without anxiety symptoms, then patients with and without depressive symptoms.
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Stress Factors That Can Trigger Seizures In Dogs
Just like you would for yourself, you should always help your dog to avoid stress, as stress can also be a trigger of seizures in dogs. Stress is actually the number one cause of seizures in humans, but less prevalent in dogs. However, there are several factors that can cause your dog physical and emotional stress or anxiety.
The physical stress factors that trigger seizures in dogs are very similar to those seen in humans. A big one is fatigue. Like humans, dogs often have seizures in the morning or at night, when their body is changing from its sleep/wake cycle.
As mentioned previously, dogs a very photosensitive, so camera flashes, the lights of a television, Christmas lights, or even lightning can trigger a seizure. Also listed above, changes in barometric pressure and extreme hot or cold weather can also cause your dog to become physically stressed, which can in turn trigger a seizure. Thunderstorms also can spook a dog enough to be a trigger.
Sudden changes to your dogs diet or routine can also cause stress that may trigger a seizure. Dogs run on a very strict internal clock, and know when it is time to eat or go outside or when you get home from work. Changes in their routine can be caused by visiting friends or family members, a new baby joining the family, construction around the home and more. Missing, skipping, or going too long in between meals can also cause low blood sugar, which can be a trigger of seizures as well.
Persistent Vertigo And A Natural Care Option
If you have tried many vertigo solutions, but none helped you find long-term relief and comfort, dont be frustrated. Medication may work, but only temporarily, and they only help with some of the symptoms. Still, vertigo would remain in many cases. It stays because the underlying cause of the problem is not yet solved. Perhaps, you can be a candidate for upper cervical chiropractic care.
Upper cervical chiropractors intimately understand the relationship between the upper necks bones and the bodys balance system. Any misalignment in the atlas and axis vertebrae can place stress and pressure on the brainstem, causing malfunction and sending of false signals to the brain about your bodys position. As a result, these fake messages tell the brain that the body is in motion even when it is not. Thus, vertigo becomes the result.
Upper cervical chiropractors use a method of examining and adjusting the vertebrae of the upper cervical spine. We focus on the axis and atlas vertebrae. We also use heat-sensitive instrumentation, neurological tests, and other relevant means to detect and correct misalignments. Our technique precisely and naturally encourages the bones to move back into place with gentle accuracy. The success of our procedure is long-lasting.
Numerous vertigo patients experienced significant improvements in their vertigo symptoms with the help of upper cervical chiropractic care. Some even see their vertigo completely go away for good.
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