Food Allergies As An Aggressive Epilepsy Trigger
Children and the older ones who have seizure problems must try to avoid synthetic sugar and choose to go organic instead. Aspartame does cause seizures in people with a metabolic problem known as phenylketonuria. This problem does not allow the protein phenylalanine to be consumed and be used properly. Watch your diet and patients who have epilepsy cannot be stressed at all or else attack can be triggered. Hoping this all will go away if not induced so better check what youre eating!
Ice cream, hamburger or chocolate can endanger your childs life! Epilepsy in children has its own unique characteristics that every parent must know to prevent serious seizures and save lives.
Some children and adults may also suffer epileptic seizures through food allergies. In order to avoid the occurrence of a seizure, make sure that you are able to determine if your family member who has epilepsy has allergies on some kind of food or its components. Taking an allergy test is necessary if you have observed that youre epileptic family member have suffered seizures after eating a particular food. Some foods which could trigger epileptic seizures are artificial sweeteners or any other food additives.
Remember that the scenario of your loved ones suffering from seizures is unsightly thus giving the right epileptic diet and learning his/her food allergies are all essential to help him/her live a better life.
Stress Hormones And Seizure Susceptibility
To more directly explore the impact of stress hormones on neuronal excitability and seizure susceptibility, studies have focused upon examining the impact of exogenously administered stress hormones.
Deoxycorticosterone exerts its effects primarily via actions on mineralocorticoid receptors. In addition, the neurosteroid, THDOC, can be synthesized from deoxycorticosterone, thus implying diverse activities of DOC. The effects of deoxycorticosterone are largely anticonvulsant . DOC administration increases the threshold to induce seizures with PTZ, picrotoxin, and amygdala-kindling . The anticonvulsant actions of DOC are thought to be mediated by the metabolism to THDOC and the potentiation of GABAA receptors, since the anticonvulsant effects of DOC are abolished by treatment with the neurosteroid synthesis inhibitor, finasteride .
Corticotropin-releasing hormone also termed corticotropin-releasing factor exerts its actions through activation of two subtypes of CRF receptors, CRFR1 and CRFR2. The activity of CRF on these G-protein coupled receptors primarily involves cAMP production .
Furthermore, CRH is sufficient to increase epileptiform activity in the hippocampus and has been shown to induce seizure activity on its own . These data support the theory that CRH is proconvulsant.
How Is Pnes Diagnosed
Diagnosis of Pseudoseizure can be difficult, especially since the doctor cant witness the seizure, and symptoms described often match the symptoms of epileptic seizures. Therefore, most patients with PNES end up being diagnosed with epilepsy and are only considered to have pseudoseizure if they dont respond to epilepsy drugs.
Nonetheless, patients with seizures who dont respond to epilepsy treatment require special care and video EEG monitoring. EEG records are used to monitor the patients brain activity. Mental health specialists can use this information to make an accurate diagnosis of the condition.
If the EEG doesnt show the abnormal firing of the brains neurons, the patient is diagnosed with PNES and not epilepsy. Brain CT scan and MRI may also be requested. Accurate diagnosis and treatment of PNES require the collaboration of psychiatrists, neurologists, and psychologists.
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Can Stress Cause Seizures
People with epilepsy often notice that they have more seizures when theyâre feeling stressed. We still donât know exactly why this is. But some possible explanations include:
- Stress can disrupt your sleep – and feeling tired may be a seizure trigger.
- Stress releases certain chemicals in your body that affect how the brain works. This may make you more likely to have seizures.
- The parts of the brain which deal with emotions around stress are also the same parts of the brain that are linked to some kinds of seizure activity.
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How Do Nes Get Diagnosed And By Which Health Professionals
There could be several different types of doctor who help make the diagnosis. The child or young person will be asked to explain exactly what happens to them during a seizure or non-epileptic seizure, and what they are doing when they happen.
It is also important to find out about all aspects of their health, their school, their friendships and their emotions. They might be asked to fill out some questionnaires.
Having all this information often allows a doctor to make the diagnosis. However, some young people may be asked to have some further tests, such as an electroencephalogram . This involves wearing a cap that measures electrical signals in the brain. If doctors also decide to film them at the same time, then they can see what happens in their brain and body when they have an NES.
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What Epilepsy Specialists Do
Specialist attention can be helpful in all cases, because even among epilepsy patients, there are several different variations and types of seizures. For instance, there are focal onset seizures, which affect a small part of the brain, and generalized onset seizures, which affect broader parts of the brain. Differentiating between the two is important because there are different medications for each. Even within those broad categories, people can have different types of seizures: Some can cause a person to lose consciousness while others only affect a persons muscles but do not impact a persons ability to think.
Women with epilepsy also have to take extra care. Research suggests that elevated estrogen and progesterone ratios can increase risk for seizures. In addition, pregnant women with generalized tonic-clonic seizures should be aware that these seizures can be harmful to her and her fetus. Moreover, certain epilepsy medications should be avoided because they can increase the risk for birth defects. However, women with epilepsy can safely become pregnant, give birth to a healthy baby, and breast feed, if they are under the care of an epilepsy specialist to ensure the safety of the mother and baby.
As for Dr. Tolchin, hes continuing his research on the many types of epileptic seizures and on psychogenic seizures. These are complex and debilitating disorders, says Dr. Tolchin. But were advancing knowledge and care for our patients every day.
What Are Psychogenic Non
Most people dont understand what is a pseudoseizure? Well, psychogenic non-epileptic seizures or pseudoseizures are different from neurological seizures caused by abnormal brain activity. Often abbreviated as PNES, these are brain responses to stress or anxiety in extreme levels to be considered psychiatric. PNES is classified among functional neurological disorders or conversion disorders.
Typically, these disorders occur due to emotional stressors that cause physical signs that cant be justified with other underlying conditions. PNES usually affects those who struggle to manage anxiety, stress, and traumatic emotions using traditionally accepted coping mechanisms. Once the emotions become overwhelming enough, it shuts down the bodys defense mechanism.
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How Stress Can Lead To Seizures
A new study finds that one-third of patients admitted to the epilepsy unit are not actually suffering from epileptic seizures: theyre suffering from stress.
As if we werent already stressed out enough about our stress levels, a new study reports that over a third of seizures in patients admitted to the Johns Hopkins in-patient epilepsy unit are actually psychogenic in nature, rather than epileptic. This means that the seizures were actually physical manifestations of emotional stress, and not the result of abnormal electrical activity in the brain, as with epilepsy. The psychogenic seizures in these patients were strongly linked to life stresses or, more specifically, to the methods the people used to cope with their stressors.
The team studied 40 healthy people, 20 people with confirmed epilepsy, and 40 people who had experienced psychogenic non-epileptic seizures . The participants filled out questionnaires to determine which coping style they tended to use, ranging from active coping to denial to religious coping to humor to behavioral or mental disengagement. They also indicated how many of 102 stressful life events theyd been through in the last five years, in the areas of family, legal matters, finances, work, and marriage.
The authors had wagered that the PNES patients would have had more life stressors than controls or epileptic patients, since previous research had suggested the connection.
But this was not what they found.
What Are Absence Seizures
An absence seizure causes you to blank out or stare into space for a few seconds. They can also be called petit mal seizures. Absence seizures are most common in children and typically dont cause any long-term problems. These types of seizures are often set off by a period of hyperventilation.
Absence seizures usually occur in children between ages 4 to 14. A child may have 10, 50, or even 100 absence seizures in a given day and they may go unnoticed. Most children who have typical absence seizures are otherwise normal. However, absence seizures can get in the way of learning and affect concentration at school. This is why prompt treatment is important.
Absence seizures are a type of epilepsy, a condition that causes seizures. Seizures are caused by abnormal brain activity. These mixed messages confuse your brain and cause a seizure.
Not everyone who has a seizure has epilepsy. Usually, a diagnosis of epilepsy can be made after two or more seizures.
Absence seizures often occur along with other types of seizures that cause muscle jerking, twitching, and shaking. Absence seizures may be confused with other types of seizures. Doctors will pay close attention to your symptoms in order to make the right diagnosis. This is very important for effective and safe treatment of your seizures.
Its uncommon for absence seizures to continue into adulthood, but its possible to have an absence seizure at any age.
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Who Has Dissociative Seizures
Dissociative seizures can happen to anyone, at any age, although some factors make dissociative seizures more likely. Dissociative seizures are:
- more common in women
- more likely to start in young adults
- more likely to happen to people who have had an injury or disease or who have had severe emotional upset or stressful life events
- more common in people with other psychiatric conditions .
Historical And Clinical Features
Features that are suggestive, but not diagnostic, of psychogenic nonepileptic seizures are listed in Table 2.1,9,10 Typical features of these events include gradual onset, long duration, a waxing and waning course, and disorganized, asymmetric motor activity.9 The events lack the stereotypy of epileptic seizures because the pattern of symptoms and sequence of events vary between seizures.
Clinical and Historical Features Suggesting a Diagnosis of Psychogenic Nonepileptic Seizures
Clinical and Historical Features Suggesting a Diagnosis of Psychogenic Nonepileptic Seizures
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Can Anxiety Cause Epilepsy
Stress is one of the most commonly cited seizure triggers among people with epilepsy.
A 2017 review of studies suggests that higher levels of stress and anxiety are associated with a greater likelihood of experiencing epileptic seizures.
The same review also notes that reducing stress levels can significantly improve outcomes for people with epilepsy, suggesting a close relationship between stress and epilepsy.
But whether anxiety can alter brain function enough to directly cause epilepsy is largely still up in the air. The evidence so far isnt conclusive.
One 2015 study found that 5 out of 1,000 people with epilepsy started experiencing seizures after a highly stressful life event, such as the death of a family member.
Differences Between Psychogenic Nonepileptic Seizures And Epilepsy
Differentiating between PNES and epilepsy can help people experiencing seizures get faster, more effective treatment. To evaluate differences between the two types of seizures, researchers administered questionnaires to evaluate whether and how frequently participants avoided circumstances that made them feel anxious. The group of participants included 30 people with PNES, 25 with epilepsy, and 31 with no history of seizures. Researchers found that PNES was more common among people who regularly experienced anxiety and who took steps to avoid sources of anxiety.
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What Kind Of Stress Might Be Linked To Non
NES can happen when dealing with stressful situations. These are different for different people. It could be something small or a much bigger stressful situation, such as:
- Going to a new school
- Being bullied
- Someone in the family going away or getting ill
- Having bad things happen to them.
Seizures Not Caused By Epilepsy
About 8 to 10 percent of people will have a seizure during their lifetime, but that doesnt mean they have epilepsy. Many of those people never have another seizure.
One study followed people who had experienced a seizure over an average of eight years. Among them, 33 percent had a second seizure within four years, and the remaining people were seizure-free for the rest of the study. Of those who had a second seizure, there was about a 73 percent chance of a third seizure within those four years.
Many physical and psychological issues can lead to seizures. Additionally, the causes of some seizures are never identified.
People are not usually diagnosed with epilepsy after just one seizure, and they are not usually prescribed antiseizure drugs.
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Symptoms Diagnosis And Treatment
Video-EEG monitoring is the standard diagnostic procedure for PNES. This test can record clinical findings to correlate with the brain’s electrical activity. For proper differentiation, a typical episode should be recorded, verified by the patient or family, and evaluated.
- PNES events typically occur when the individual is awake. They often last for longer than epileptic seizures and may end abruptly.
- Certain movements are also more commonly seen in PNES than in epileptic seizures, such as thrashing and pelvic thrusting.
- The absence of motor features and prolonged body limpness are more often seen in cases of PNES than cases of epilepsy.
Psychotherapy, including cognitive behavioral therapy, is regarded as the best approach to treating PNES. Antiepileptic drugs have not found to be effective.
Stress And Seizures: Why Stress Causes Seizures And How To Relax
How can stress cause seizures? Read our blog to learn about the link between stress and seizures and how to manage those feelings.
How does stress affect you? Some people struggle to sleep. Others feel tense. And, for some people with epilepsy, stress-induced seizures are a real concern.
In surveys, people with epilepsy say that stress is the second most common cause of their seizures . However, while many people feel thereâs a link between their stress and seizures, scientists arenât sure exactly why this happens.
Hereâs what we do know about stress induced seizures – and how you can manage it.
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Why Do Some People Have More Seizures When Under Stress
Seizures can take many forms, but theres not a single type of seizure thats known as a stress seizure. Stress may, however, play a role in triggering many types of seizures.
Since everyone experiences stress differently, it can be hard to know how many people have seizures triggered by stress, but stress is the
What Causes Epilepsy
Epilepsy occurs as a result of abnormal electrical activity originating in the brain. Brain cells communicate by sending electrical signals in an orderly pattern. In epilepsy, these electrical signals become abnormal, giving rise to an “electrical storm” that produces seizures. These storms may be within a specific part of the brain or be generalized, depending on the type of epilepsy.
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What Are Seizures
Seizures are episodes of altered electrical activity in the brain that can cause changes in behavior, mood, movements, and level of consciousness. If someone has two or more unprovoked seizures, they may be diagnosed as having epilepsy.
When pathways of communication between neurons in the brain are disrupted, seizures can arise. A common cause is epilepsy, although many other seizure triggers have been identified among them, very high fever, brain infection such as meningitis, electrolyte disturbances , use of certain street drugs, withdrawal from alcohol, poisoning or venomous bites or stings, and many more.
Certain triggers, specifically sleep deprivation and flashing lights, can be used for activation procedures during electroencephalogram tests, which track and record the brain’s electrical activity. Photic stimulation may be used in standard epilepsy tests as well.
What Can I Do
Identify possible triggers and consider what you can do to modify or change your lifestyle or behaviors. The goal is lessen your chance of seizures. Look at self-management strategies to manage triggers of seizures. . Here’s just a few ideas.
- Start a regular sleep pattern. Try to go to bed and wake up at the same time every day.
- Limit your alcohol consumption to a few drinks, and don’t drink too often.
- Find an outlet to help you deal with anger, frustration, and worries in your life. Exercise, music, or conversation works for many people.
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How Are Absence Seizures Diagnosed
You may have absence seizures repeatedly for years before heading to the doctor for a diagnosis. You may have staring spells without thinking of them as a medical problem or a seizure.
An EEG is a test most often used to diagnose absence seizures. This test records the brains electrical activity and spots any abnormalities that could indicate an absence seizure.
These tests also can help to diagnose absence seizures or rule out other conditions:
Spinal tap to test the cerebrospinal fluid