Are Blood Sugar And Blood Pressure Related
Blood sugar is the energy your cells use and if those levels get out of a normal balance, they can damage the blood vessels over time. When this occurs, blood vessels eventually lose the ability to stretch and maintain their elasticity. Two out three people with blood sugar challenges also have issues with blood pressure.
Yes they are related. Having a high glucose level in the blood can increase blood pressure and increase the risk of hypertension. Both hypertension and diabetes may have some causes in common and they share some risk factors. 67% of American adults aged 20 and over with self- reported diabetes had blood pressure rates that were greater than 140/9 mm Hg. A combination of high blood pressure and type 2 diabetes is particularly concerning.
There are three ways in which high glucose levels in the blood can increase blood pressure: the blood vessels lose their ability to stretch, the fluid in the body increases and insulin resistance occurs which can increase the risk of hypertension.
S To Find Out If Stress Is Affecting Your Blood Glucose Levels
- Step 1. Rate your stress level from 1-10, where 1 indicates the lowest stress level and 10 the highest. Record the stress level along with situation and feelings in your logbook.
- Step 2. Test your blood glucose and record your result.
- Step 3. After a week or two, study your results to see if theres any pattern between your stress levels and your blood glucose levels.
Triggers Could Be Tricky
Life changing situations or a big situation are obvious triggers of stress. Stress can be more difficult to identify if the cause is a buildup of many smaller events. Having too much going on does not mean you are stressed. On the contrary, not having enough work, activities or change in your life are all factors that may cause stress. Constantly worrying or feeling that you do not have control over a situation can also cause stress3.
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Stress In People With Type 1 Diabetes
Stress can affect those with type 1 diabetes by both increasing and decreasing blood sugar. In the case where it lowers blood sugar levels, chronic stress can lead to a syndrome known as adrenal fatigue. Adrenal fatigue is where prolonged exposure to stress drains the adrenal glands, leading to a low cortisol state. In those with type 1 diabetes, the underproduction of hormones such as cortisol can cause an imbalance in hormones that are meant to regulate blood sugar levels.
Research has also looked at whether stress can cause diabetes. Many studies have postulated that chronic stress especially can contribute to the onset of type 1 diabetes in those who are already susceptible to developing it.
Shortness of breath
Stress Raises Blood Sugar Levels
Why does extra tension in your body cause your blood sugar to go up even if you havenât eaten anything? There are a number of factors that go into this, but a primary reason is that stress triggers the body to release cortisol, which is a hormone that helps the body get through tough situations .When cortisol comes out to play, your heart rate and breathing speed up. This also sends glucose and protein stores from your liver into the blood to make energy immediately available to your muscles. In other words, your body releases sugar into the blood so that the energy can get throughout your system. The result: higher blood sugar levels.
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So What Are Some Things You Can Do To Mitigate Stress In Frisco
Here are just a few ideas for diffusing some of the stress in Frisco:
Need more practical tips to reduce stress? Download our free ebook!
Surprising Things That Can Spike Your Blood Sugar
When you first found out you had diabetes, you tested your blood sugar often to understand how food, activity, stress, and illness could affect your blood sugar levels. By now, youve got it figured out for the most part. But thenbam! Something makes your blood sugar zoom up. You try to adjust it with food or activity or insulin, and it dips really low. Youre on a rollercoaster no one with diabetes wants to ride.
Do you know all of these blood sugar triggers?
Knowledge is power! Look out for these surprising triggers that can send your blood sugar soaring:
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Follow These Steps To Find Out If Your Blood Sugar Levels Are Affected By Mental Stress:
What Is The Relationship Between Hyperglycemia And Acute Illness
The relationship between hyperglycemia and acute illness is complex. Severe hyperglycemia has been shown to have a negative impact on the vascular, hemodynamic, and immune systems. Hyperglycemia can also lead to electrolyte imbalance, mitochondrial injury, and both neutrophil and endothelial dysfunction. Acute illness increases the risk for hyperglycemia through the release of counterregulatory hormones, increased insulin resistance, and immobility. Figure 51-1 illustrates the relationship between acute illness and hyperglycemia.
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The Wrong Way To Deal With Stress When You Have Diabetes
Food, alcohol, self-pity: These unhealthy coping mechanisms do more harm than good. When were stressed out, we turn to unhealthy food comfort food and we may start eating a lot of sweets, Belfort De Aguiar says. These are the wrong ways to cope with stress.
Also, find ways to reach out and find social connection with your loved ones. Campbell also warns against keeping your emotions bottled up inside. Be sure to share your stress, she says, even it just means having someone listen to you vent.
For more on dealing with diabetes burnout, check out Diabetes Daily’s article “How to Get Out of a Diabetes Rut“!
What You Can Do Now
Although diabetes can present a different set of challenges, its possible to manage it effectively and lead a happy, healthy lifestyle. You can do this by adding short, meditative sessions or small workouts to your daily routine. You can also look into support groups and find one that best suits your personality and lifestyle needs. Being proactive can help ease the tension in your life.
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Other Reasons For High Blood Sugar
There are other possible causes of your high blood sugar, such as insulin resistance, which may run in your family. That’s when your body doesn’t respond as well as it should to the insulin it makes. Or, you may be taking a drug for another health problem that keeps your body from using it well.
How you use insulin can also matter. If you give yourself shots in the same place over and over, for instance, that area may scar, which can affect how your body absorbs the hormone. It helps to change spots or use an insulin pump.
Some people also take less insulin than they should. It might be because they’re afraid of low blood sugar or they’re nervous about needles. You might feel more comfortable by slowly increasing your insulin dose. Consider an insulin pump or pen if you don’t like needles. Many pumps alert you if your blood sugar is dropping.
Whatever the cause of your blood sugar highs, work closely with your doctor to find a solution. And always talk with them before you make any changes in your insulin dose.
American Diabetes Association: “Blood Glucose Control and Exercise,” “About Our Meal Plans,” “Stress,” “What Are My Options?”
Diabetes Forecast: “How About Post-Meal Insulin?” “New Medications for People with Type 1?”
Michael German, MD, clinical director, Diabetes Center director, UCSF NIH Diabetes Research Center, University of California, San Francisco.
Joslin Diabetes Center: “Diet and Diabetes: A Personalized Approach.”
Ways To Reduce Mental Stress
- Teach yourself to relax when under stress using deep-breathing exercises or techniques you learn in a stress-management class.
- Evaluate your schedule and determine if you can make changes to relieve stress.
- Exercise regularly
Glucerna is the #1 Doctor Recommended nutritional shake for people with diabetes, and contains CARBSTEADY®, which includes low glycemic carbohydrates formulated to help minimize blood sugar spikes as part of a diabetes management plan. Try one today!
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How To Reduce Your Stress Levels
Learning what helps you manage, reduce, and relieve your overall stress level is a vital lesson. Sometimes the simplest thing can help you take a deep breath, lower your blood pressure, lower stress hormones, and release the physical and mental grip of stress.
Here are a few ideas for reducing your stress levels:
Stress In People With Type 2 Diabetes
For people with type 2 diabetes, high levels of stress can lead to an increase in blood sugar levels. When there is a high level of cortisol in the body, it causes body tissues to be less sensitive to insulin. Therefore, more blood sugar is available in the bloodstream. When this happens, blood sugar levels become imbalanced and can reach dangerously high levels, especially if it is left untreated.
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Taking Care Of Yourself When Stressed
When were stressed, we typically dont take good care of ourselves.
Theres a reason they call it comfort food. For most people, chocolate or fast food seems to be the first thing they reach for when were stressed.
Stress also makes it tempting to put off your regular exercise routine in favor of the couch and a Netflix binge.
These can all become deciding factors in a spike in blood sugar.
Need a solution? Get moving when youre stressed. Dont feel like you have to complete an extensive cardio routine. Often something as simple as a walk around the block can make a difference in your mood.
If Possible Eliminate Long
McIntyre says that too much stress can be a warning that something needs to change. Since long-term stressors affect your long-term blood sugar levels and can cause damage to your overall health, theyre even more worthy of a reevaluation. Is it your job thats tipping you over the edge? If so, he suggests that you have a conversation with your boss on how to improve your work environment, apply for a transfer, or even start the hunt for a new job.
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What Happens When Your Cortisol Stays High
If youre under constant stress, your cortisol levels will stay high.
And so will your blood sugar levels.
Can you guess the impact this has on your health?
Chronically high cortisol can lead to a host of diseases and health problems, including :
But this isnt the only issue.
Another problem that chronically high cortisol can cause is insulin resistance.
What does this mean for you?
How Does Adrenaline Affect Your Blood Sugar
In a non-diabetic body, that surge of adrenaline triggering a surge of glycogen would be accompanied by a surge of insulin, too.
As people with diabetes, were missing the surge of insulin part, which can easily spike your blood sugar from 120 mg/dL to 300 mg/dL in less than an hour.
Adjusting your insulin for this can be tricky. A quick bolus of insulin using your normal correction factor ratio could easily produce little or no effect on the high blood sugar while adrenaline is present.
Personally, Ive found that I needed a significant increase in my background insulin doses on the day of a powerlifting competition in order to keep my blood sugar from spiking due to adrenaline. A quick bolus would have no impact and the only thing that would otherwise bring my blood sugar down was when the competition ended and my body relaxed.
If youre dealing with predictable adrenaline around a sporting event, for example, talk to your healthcare team about making an adjustment in your background insulin.
If youre dealing with sudden, unexpected surges of adrenaline because you just got into a car accident, for example, youll likely have to try lowering it with a bolus of insulin but may not see it come down for a few hours.
When its actually not adrenaline
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What Are Symptoms Of Depression
Too much stress sometimes can lead to depression. People with diabetes are more likely to be depressed than the average person. You may be at risk for depression if you have any of the following symptoms for more than a week:
- Feeling sad or irritable
- Having lost interest in activities you enjoy
- Feeling worthless
Can Some Medications Raise Blood Glucose
Q: Can certain non-diabetes medicines cause blood glucose to rise? My fasting blood glucose at the doctors office was 190. At home, it was 130. I didnt eat anything before my visit, and I only took aspirin and my blood pressure medicine. My fasting numbers at home average 120. A: Aspirin doesnt cause blood glucose levels to rise, and neither do most blood pressure medicines. One category of blood pressure medicines, thiazide diuretics, may cause a small rise in blood glucose. Reasons for the variations in your blood glucose readings at home and at your doctors office could be: Feeling stressed prior to and when visiting your doctor. Stress can make blood glucose levels rise. The reading done in your doctors office might have been taken from your arm and analyzed by the lab. Laboratory blood glucose readings are the most accurate. Results from your blood glucose meter may not match the value obtained by the lab. Next time, check your meter reading against the labs or the doctors office meter. When the technician takes your blood, check with your meter. Madhu Gadia, M.S., R.D., CDE, is a dietitian and certified diabetes educator. Answer reviewed July 2010Continue reading > >
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The Symptoms Of Stress
Stress can manifest differently in one person from the next. For some, positive or negative stress may produce immediate tears, for example. In others, it may cause them to be silent and speechless. And others may become easily angry and irritable.
Depending on the severity of the stress level, your symptoms can vary. Here are some examples of stress symptoms:
Mild to moderate stress
- panic attacks
Research suggests that stress also can bring on or worsen certain symptoms or diseases. Stress is linked to 6 of the leading causes of death: heart disease, cancer, lung ailments, accidents, cirrhosis of the liver, and suicide.
Before we move on to how stress can affect your blood sugar and what you can do to reduce stress, lets take a closer look at the hormones involved in a stress reaction.
Blood Sugar And Cortisol: How Stress Affects Your Blood Glucose
- Reading Time: 5 minutes
Blood sugar and cortisol how are they related?
Well, as it turns out, cortisol is a stress hormone that does a lot of things to your body.
It works in conjunction with adrenaline and noradrenaline to increase your mental and physical abilities to deal with the stressor.
But if the stress keeps knocking on the door, then we have a problem.
The body stays flooded with cortisol.
And blood sugar rises too.
But why does this happen?
And what are the health implications of high blood sugar and cortisol?
Lets find out.
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How To Reduce Anxiety
First, lets be clear: If youre experiencing anxiety, we want to know about it. We care about much more than your physical health. We know that mental health is an important part of your overall well-being.
We care about our patients, and we are always in your corner, ready to help you.
Following are some useful tips for reducing anxiety:
- Any type of physical activity, even if its just a quick walk around the block during your lunch break.
- Reducing or eliminating your alcohol and caffeine consumption
- Getting enough sleep
If your anxiety continues for more than two weeks or if youre finding it difficult to complete everyday activities, you should consider talking to a counselor or psychologist who can provide help and direction. We can provide a referral if needed.