Stress And Music Therapy For Alzheimer Disease
Progressive cognitive impairment reduces the stress threshold. As a result, under stressful circumstances, patients may exhibit agitation or aggressive behaviour . Music therapy helps people become more tolerant of stressful environmental cues that can cause these symptoms . Music-related feelings appear to be preserved in people with Alzheimer disease . Brain regions involved in music recognition are mostly unaffected by Alzheimers disease, and music may help persons with the disease remember their own lives better. According to the literature, music improves the encoding of verbal information in both healthy older people and Alzheimers sufferers . Music therapy, a combination of therapist and listening to music, has the greatest effect on patients with Alzheimers disease in the early stages, as contrasted to the ones used alone. The increases in 17-estradiol and testosterone levels seen in Alzheimers patients with declining hormones show that music therapy may help to slow or even stop the progression of Alzheimers disease. Music therapy is thought to restore normal hormone levels, reduce nerve cell damage, and protect nerve cells, halting progression. For healthy elderly people, music therapy could be an effective Alzheimers disease prevention strategy .
Music Therapy Or Music
Music is a vital component in improving ones ability to express oneself, reducing anxiety, treating physiological disorders, effectively managing time, learning coping techniques, and overall life quality. Music therapy is a goal-oriented and purposeful practise in which therapists use musical expression and the memories, emotions, and experiences it evokes to work with individuals or groups. MT is one of the oldest treatment techniques, and it has been used to treat diseases in various cultures. Music elements such as rhythm, melody, and harmony are used therapeutically in MT. Active and receptive music therapy are the two primary forms of music therapy. Playing simple instruments, dancing, or singings are common forms of active music therapy. This type of exercise promotes physical stimulation, which can be beneficial to ones health. Receptive music therapy is a type of music therapy that includes a period of time spent listening to music mindfully, usually with specially curated recorded or live music .
The next stage is to start singing. This is even more personal than music choice, yet it is crucial because it necessitates deep diaphragmatic breathing. Deep breathing, often called abdominal or diaphragmatic breathing which is described in Figure 1. As a result, deep breathing and singing can assist to induce relaxation and protect the body from the negative effects of stress.
Mechanism of deep breathing.
Which Sounds Are The Most Relaxing
Not all music is equal when it comes to being soothing. Slow, gentle sounds do the best job of lowering our feelings of anxiety and stress. Classical, Native American, Celtic, and Indian tunes are known to help with relaxation, and the most calming instruments tend to be piano, strings, drums, and flutes.
Instrumental music is not the only type that helps the brain and body relax, though. Sounds from nature, such as thunderstorms, rain, and the sound of a bubbling brook, all help reduce stress. In a one scientific abstract found that the sound of rippling water was equally preferred and perceived as relaxing as music by participants.
Why is this?
It could be that our brains seek to connect with nature, so we intuitively find comfort in natural environments over urban ones. Does this mean relaxing music is less effective for calming than running water? That might be a personal choice. Try putting them together! Nature sounds paired with soothing music can be very powerful for relaxation.
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It Can Improve Memory
Music also has a positive effect on your ability to memorize.
In one study , researchers gave people tasks that required them to read and then recall short lists of words. Those who were listening to classical music outperformed those who worked in silence or with white noise.
The same study tracked how fast people could perform simple processing tasks matching numbers to geometrical shapes and a similar benefit showed up. Mozart helped people complete the task faster and more accurately.
Mayo Clinic points out that while music doesnt reverse the memory loss experienced by people with Alzheimers disease and other forms of dementia, music has been found to slow cognitive decline , helping people with mild or moderate dementia remember episodes from their lives.
Music memory is one of the brain functions most resistant to dementia. Thats why some caregivers have had success using music to calm dementia patients and build trusting connections with them.
How Music Affects Mental Health
In the same way that music can make you happy, the same reaction and release of dopamine can be considered a natural antidepressant. When were talking about the way in which music can be used clinically, were talking about music therapy.
According to the British Association for Music Therapy, music can really help those with psychological, cognitive or communicative needs. Aiming to help mental health patients address issues they cant address through traditional therapy music therapy relies on a sensory stimulation to provoke a positive response to certain situations. It can include not only listening to music, but making music too.
One of the main reasons for the success of music therapy is that music helps keep your cardiovascular system in tune. Listening or performing music can have an affect on your heartbeat, either speeding it up if theres a higher bpm on the track, or slowing it down when you hear more relaxing beats.
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Music Causes Endocrinological Changes In Body
Music was generally agreed to lower cortisol levels, whether through direct engagement or listening to recorded music. Only a couple research found the reverse trend, but in both cases, the music groups growth was less than the control group . Both relaxing and stimulating music reduced cortisol levels, whereas few studies stated that only a drop for relaxing music and an increase for stimulating music. This was reflected in the studys measurements of GH and ACTH, as well as a comparable response from epinephrine, which increased when exposed to stimulating music but remained unaltered when exposed to calming music. These findings suggest that hormones are sensitive to musical stimulus . When participants listened to soothing recorded music, oxytocin levels increased more than the other hormones examined. Bittman et al. revealed an increase in the dehydroepiandrosterone to cortisol ratio when participants participated in group drumming, whereas Conrad et al. observed a decrease in the DHEA to cortisol ratio and a rise in growth hormone when patients listened to relaxing recorded music . Migneault et al. reported that when participants chose their own recorded music, testosterone levels elevated in men but dropped in women .
Music Reduces Stress And Eases Anxiety
Music has a unique link to our emotions, and research has found that it can be used as an extremely effective stress management tool.
Just like listening to slow music to calm the body, music can also have a relaxing effect on the mind. Researchers at Stanford University found that listening to music seems to be able to change brain functioning to the same extent as medication. Since music is so widely available and inexpensive, its an easy stress reduction option.
So, what type of music reduces stress best? Heres what we found:
- Native American, Celtic, Indian stringed-instruments, drums and flutes
- sounds of rain, thunder and nature sounds
- light jazz, classical and easy listening music
You must be the ultimate judge, however, of relaxing music. If Mozart isnt quite doing it for you, explore other options that help you naturally relax.
HelpGuide.org, a nonprofit mental health and well-being organization encourages individuals to practice a healthy sonic diet. They suggest that when choosing locations to eat, hold business meetings, or visit with friends, be conscious of the sound environment, including the noise level and type of music that is played. Loud noisy environments, as much as we try to ignore them, can contribute to unconscious stress and tension build-up without us even knowing it.
I just jam out with his toys the xylophone, the baby piano. I almost have Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star down.
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It Reduces Stress And Improves Your Mood
Music doesnt just motivate you. It can also help reduce stress and promote a more positive mindset.
In a 2013 study , 60 female volunteers carried out a psychological stress test while listening to relaxing music, sounds of rippling water, or no particular sound. Results suggested that listening to relaxing music makes a physical difference to the way people respond psychologically and physically in terms of hormone response under stress. However, the picture is complex, and more studies are needed.
In a 2021 study , patients in ICU said they felt less pain and anxiety after listening to music for 30 minutes than before.
Research suggests that a good mood generally improves your learning outcomes. Youll likely have more success with studying and learning new material when youre feeling good.
Studying can be stressful, especially when you dont entirely understand the subject material. If you feel overwhelmed or upset, putting on some music can help you relax and work more effectively.
Research On The Effects Of Music
Research on the effects of music and music therapy show musics ability to relieve stress, symptoms of mental health conditions and more.
Recent medically-reviewed research shows that listening to calming music and participating in music-related activities can be a great way to improve the health and well-beingof people from diverse age groups, backgrounds and mental and physical health statuses.
This specific study and much other research shows the benefits of listening to music or participating in music-related activities include:
- Reduced physical pain
- Group singing is shown to support the health and well-being of older adults and those with mental health problems, lung disease, stroke and dementia through its effects on cognitive functions, mood and social connections
- Playing a musical instrument can improve the general health and well-being of school-age students, older adults and people with mild brain injuries due to its effects on motor, cognitive and social processes
- Dance and movement in music programs can improve the health and well-being of people with dementia, women with postnatal depression and sedentary women with obesity through various cognitive, physical and social processes
- Rapping, songwriting and composition helped the well-being of marginalized people through effects on social and cultural inclusion and connection, self-esteem and empowerment
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Music Can Also Provide A Boost During Resistance And Endurance Exercises
self-selected music during anaerobic exercise significantly increased total work, relative peak power, and bench press repetitionsself-selected music can significantly increase explosiveness during power exercises
For endurance exercise, research suggests that synchronizing movement with the beats per minute of a song can boost endurance and increase output. A 2013 study found that synchronous music increased endurance score during an exercise test by about two and one-and-a-half minutes compared to asynchronous music or silence, respectively. So how can you incorporate BPM into your workout? Pick songs with tempos that match your ideal pacestudies show youll naturally sync up with their rhythm. You can use resources like running BPM charts to calculate a BPM according to pace goals. Then, check platforms likeSpotify for playlists of songs with your ideal BPM. We also created a playlist with our friends at Jaybird with our favorite pump-up tracks. Check it out here!
Ways To Tap Into The Power Of Relaxing Music To Reduce Stress
When it goes unchecked, stress can eat us up. It can make us anxious or depressed, disrupt our sleep, and cause serious health issues with long-term ramifications. That means combatting stress should be something we do consciously and regularly, right?
Most people have the best intentions, but the problem is that the negative effects of stress often fight against our will to remove it. Its hard to be calm when your brain is telling you the opposite and running you through a list of worries or to-do items, after all.
Something outside the body relaxing music can help manage that stress and improve your relaxation, however. Heres how it works to neutralize those not-so-productive feelings.
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Relaxation Is Maximized With Music
Stress can be reduced and relaxation maximized with the use of music, particularly when it is classical music. This slow and quiet genre has an effect on physiological functions as the pulse and heart rate are slowed down.
Blood pressure can also be decreased along with stress hormones when listening to classical music. This makes for a relaxing experience and a great way to manage the common stresses that pop up in our lives.
Music is also known to have a deep effect on our emotions. Slower tempos can help to silence the mind and relax muscles, making music an effective stress management tool.
How It Can Help
It would be fantastic if you could put on a playlist or song that could help you knock out a problem set or memorize all those dates for your history final, wouldnt it?
Unfortunately, music isnt quite that powerful. It mostly helps in indirect ways, but those benefits can still make a big difference.
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How Does Music Therapy Work
The way that music affects the brain is very complex. All aspects of music including pitch, tempo, and melody are processed by different areas of the brain.
For instance, the cerebellum processes rhythm, the frontal lobes decode the emotional signals created by the music, and a small portion of the right temporal lobe helps understand pitch.
The reward center of the brain, called the nucleus accumbens, can even produce strong physical signs of pleasure, such as goosebumps, when it hears powerful music.
Music therapy can use these deep physical reactions the body has to music to help people with mental health conditions.
Music has been a part of human life for thousands of years. Specifically, experts have found instruments dating back to over 40,000 years ago, suggesting that humans desire to express themselves or communicate through music is deep rooted.
The use of music for therapy and healing dates back to Ancient Greece , but its therapeutic use today began in the 20th century, after World War II had ended. The earliest reference to music therapy comes from a 1789 article called Music physically considered.
The 1800s saw medical research into the therapeutic nature of music grow, and by the 1940s, universities were offering music therapy programs. E. Thayer Gaston, one of three men who pioneered the use of music as a therapeutic tool, had organized and promoted the practice so that it would become an accepted type of therapy.
Music Can Help Alleviate Stress Here Is How It Does It
Listening to music is a great way to relieve stress during the busy semester.
The life of a college student has always been saturated with plenty of stressors, now in addition to pandemic anxiety. Listening to music no matter the genre is one of the best ways to alleviate those stress levels.
Music is a powerful instrument that can turn off the stress response, therefore, improving ones psychological well-being. Because it is so easily accessible, music is a valuable tool for relieving stress.
Think about the feelings you experience when you hear your favorite song. That moment temporarily takes you to another, more salutary state.
Alina Matejkowski, a sophomore at KU, associates the music she listens to when shes stressed with feelings of nostalgia.
I listen to some of the old violin concertos I played when I was younger, she said.
Matejkowskis favorite pieces are Meditation from Thaïs by Jules Massenet and the Mendelssohn violin concerto.
While music with a slower tempo can quiet the mind and relax your muscles, upbeat music can help people feel optimistic and positive.
No matter the song or genre, music is shown to have therapeutic effects on our minds. Researchers at Stanford University have found that listening to music changes brain functioning to the same extent as medication.
If you are interested in expanding your music taste and relieving your stress as midterms near, here is the perfect playlist.
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Beat Stress With Bpmbeats Per Minute
Music can reduce stress and positively affect your body in a variety of ways. You may find yourself asking, Is this true of all music? Does the scale make a difference? And what if you cant stand classical compositionswill they still help you focus?
As it turns out, taste has a lot to do with it. The same piece of music affects listeners differently based on listening tendencies, what they grew up rocking, and various attachments to the song. Perception is a powerful indicator for how sound will affect an individual. This is quite similar to how your experiences shape the unique wiring of your brain. So, if you dont like folk music, theres no shame in staying away from twangy ensembles.
Before you jump into how beats per minute impact stress, there are other predictors to determine how a song may affect youwhether its funky or flat, good for studying, or a party anthem. Major tones are often associated with happy, predictable, poppy songs, while minor tones seem to be sad, more complex, and dissonant. This carries over to speech and vocals, too. As a fun experiment, search for your favorite upbeat song in minor on YouTube and hear the mood flip. Take on Me by A-Ha sounds like an unreleased act from Phantom of the Opera.