Tuesday, November 22, 2022

How Does Stress Affect The Body Essay

It Can Turn Your Hair White

How Job Stress Affects Your Health | WSJ

Old wives tales often cite people whose hair turned white overnight after a huge scare or shock and while that might not be common, research published in Nature in 2020 found that there is some evidence that stress can directly cause hair-whitening in mice. According to the study, the bodys fight-or-flight system negatively impacts melanocyte stem cells, which live in hair follicles and color our hair.

Melanocyte stem cells die as we age anyway, causing gradual whitening over time, but the 2020 study found that stress accelerated the process. Stress can potentially change your hair color, but its hard to predict exactly how.

Busting stress is a good way to reduce its effects on your body and physical health. Creating daily rituals will help reduce unwanted stress, Dr. Ross tells Bustle. She suggests trying yoga, meditation, mindfulness, massage, psychotherapy, or a combination of approaches youll probably have your own individual ways of relieving stress, whether its doing a few laps in a pool or sitting in the lotus position for an hour. And the results will relieve your body as well as your mind.

You Experience A Hormonal Cascade

The instant you begin to feel stressed, your body starts to react, Dr. Ross tells Bustle. The first response to stress begins in the hypothalamus in the brain, which sends signals to the pituitary gland and the adrenal medulla. They start a hormonal cascade, she says. The cascade released hormones throughout the body and includes the stress hormone cortisol. As it spreads, it causes increased heart and breathing rates, a heightened pulse, higher blood pressure, and more sweat, all of which are designed to help us cope with threats and danger.

A study published in 2019 in Seminars In Cell & Developmental Biology found that this cascade even affects the microglia, a type of nerve cell in the brain and spinal cord. After the danger passes, your body is meant to reduce these hormones to normal levels, but if youre under a lot of stress all the time, though, they stay at elevated levels constantly.

Do Women React To Stress Differently Than Men Do

Yes, studies show that women are more likely than men to experience symptoms of stress. Women who are stressed are more likely than men who are stressed to experience depression and anxiety.21 Experts do not fully know the reason for the differences, but it may be related to how mens and womens bodies process stress hormones. Long-term stress especially is more likely to cause problems with moods and anxiety in women.22

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Stress And The Function Of The Cardiovascular System

The existence of a positive association between stress and cardiovascular disease has been verified . Stress, whether acute or chronic, has a deleterious effect on the function of the cardiovascular system . The effects of stress on the cardiovascular system are not only stimulatory, but also inhibitory in nature . It can be postulated that stress causes autonomic nervous system activation and indirectly affects the function of the cardiovascular system . If these effects occur upon activation of the sympathetic nervous system, then it mainly results in an increase in heart rate, strength of contraction, vasodilation in the arteries of skeletal muscles, a narrowing of the veins, contraction of the arteries in the spleen and kidneys, and decreased sodium excretion by the kidneys . Sometimes, stress activates the parasympathetic nervous system . Specifically, if it leads to stimulation of the limbic system, it results in a decrease, or even a total stopping of the heart-beat, decreased contractility, reduction in the guidance of impulses by the heart stimulus-transmission network, peripheral vasodilatation, and a decline in blood pressure . Finally, stress can modulate vascular endothelial cell function and increase the risk of thrombosis and ischemia, as well as increase platelet aggregation .

Effects Of Stress On The Endocrine System

Effects of Stress Archives

As emphasized above, stress factors cause an immediate release of the hormones that activate the rest of the systems. Therefore, what is known as the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis within the endocrine system is activated once stress factors emerge. As a result, stress-related hormones, primarily, cortisol, adrenalin, and noradrenalin, are produced. Cortisol, in turn, supplies the energy needed to address a stress-related situation.

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+ Words Stress And Its Effects On Youth Essay

Stress causes depression and affects our mental and physical health. Almost every day, teenagers go through stress because of various reasons. Some reasons are not getting the desired job, results, institution, college, and many more. Stress can be triggered by the small or big things in todays life. The primary cause of stress is goals and challenges in our lives that are not easy to achieve. Many different things can cause stress, ranging from physical to emotional circumstances. People feel stressed due to their problems in their vocational and educational life and the social pressure in different stages of their lives.

Stress affects many young people and causes them to do crazy things like dropping out of school, committing crimes, suicide etc. If their stress continues, youth people may also face critical health problems like heart disease, sleeping problems, depression and obesity. The best way to deal with stress is to either think positive thoughts or just say the feeling to a friend and share experiences while smiling.

It is essential to identify the causes of stress in a teenagers life and minimise them.

What Are Some Strategies For Stress Relief

You cant avoid stress, but you can stop it from becoming overwhelming by practicing some daily strategies:

  • Exercise when you feel symptoms of stress coming on. Even a short walk can boost your mood.
  • At the end of each day, take a moment to think about what youve accomplished not what you didnt get done.
  • Set goals for your day, week and month. Narrowing your view will help you feel more in control of the moment and long-term tasks.
  • Consider talking to a therapist or your healthcare provider about your worries.

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Effects Of Stress On The Systems Within Our Body:

However, theability for us humans to keep a constant and appropriate control over ourstress can often be misjudged. Thismisjudgement can cause both short and long-term effects on our bodies. Theshort-term stress often affects the different systems throughout our body andcould possibly lead to more worse problems for a particular system depending ona current or previous fault or problem with that system. For example, therespiratory system. When an individual is stressed, they will tend breathheavier. Although it is not an issue for most people, those that suffer fromasthma or a lung disease such as emphysema, obtaining the oxygen you will needto breathe easier can be very difficult. . The most common and least effective short-term effect from stressinvolves the musculoskeletal system. Muscles tends to tense up immediately whenstress is present within the body. Muscle tension is almost a reflex reactionto stress the bodys way of guarding against injury and pain .Although these muscle tensions that occur within the body due to stress doesnthave more severe long-term effect, it can still cause more problems if there isa constant occurrence of chronic stress. These problems can include migraineheadaches because of tension in the shoulders, neck and head area. Othersystems that can possibly be affected by the occurrence of stress includes thecardiovascular, endocrine, Gastrointestinal, Nervous System, male and femalereproductive systems.

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Emotion, Stress, and Health: Crash Course Psychology #26

All of these outcomes and impacts of short-term stress have been known for decades. But, perhaps the more critical concern is the impact of chronic stress on our ability to think clearly and make good decisions. Stress hormones have a negative impact on the part of our brain that we need for:

  • Evaluating alternatives and making good business decisions
  • Having productive and thoughtful conversations with our family members, community members and others whose help we might need as we move forward during challenging times

These physical health, brain function, and decision making impairments often create a vicious cycle. When we find it difficult to make well-thought-through decisions and to move forward, sometimes this can lead to choices that might have less than desirable outcomes. A poorly contemplated decision can cause even more stress which further fuels this response. This cycle can lead to feelings of hopelessness, anxiety and other concerns, which then in turn may also be connected to depression and the risk of suicide. Fortunately, all these changes that occur under high stress can be managed and reversed, though it takes multiple tactics and strategies to tackle the issue holistically.

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Effects Of Stress On The Mind And Body

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It is a well-known fact that we all deal with stress in our everyday lives. No matter what we do we will always have to deal with healthy stressors and unhealthy stressors. It is also proven that unhealthy stressors can lead to a large number of health problems, and it is usually how we cope with those stressors that determines how healthy we are physically, psychologically, and physiologically . I have examined a case study of a 50-year-old woman, Nancy, and will attempt to determine what unhealthy stressors exist in her life, how stress is measured, what psychological, biological, and social coping resources she has at her disposal, the adverse effects that negative coping mechanisms can have on the body, issues that can result from her tobacco usage, how chronic illnesses can be prevented, what an individual can do to accept the fact that they have a chronic illness and live a healthier lifestyle, and what changes a Nancy can make within her life and why.

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Can Stress Lead To Depression

As far asstress goes, this question is commonly asked by people throughout the worldeither suffering by stress or a close relative/ friend of who is. To answerthis question, many experimental researches of this topic have argued whetherstress is a cause for depression and it ends with them sticking to their ownopinion on this topic. However, all these highly educated researches can agreethat stress is a big factor that can trigger symptoms of depression. Although Idont have a huge amount of knowledge for this topic, having done a greatamount of research for this assignment and my own personal views on life, Istrongly believe that stress can in fact cause depression.

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Cause And Effect Of Stress Essay

It happens sometimes that stress disturbs our life greatly. Stress is not only some unpleasant situation that makes us feel inconvenient, stress can even cause harm our health. In this stress cause and effect essay we are going to discuss how exactly stress influences us, what forms it has and how we can fight it using different methods and strategies of stress overcoming.

Definition of stress

Stress is responsiveness of the body to overstrain, negative emotions or just monotonous routine. During stress human body produces hormone called adrenalin, which makes us find way out. Stress in small doses is needed to everyone, because it makes us think, look for solutions of the problems, without stress at all life would be boring. However, if there is too much stress, body weakens, loses energy and ability to solve problems.

There is a huge number of essays about stress devoted to this problem. Mechanisms of stress formation are studied in detail and they are quite complicated: they are connected with our hormonal, nervous and vessel system.

It should be mentioned that strong stresses influence our health. Stress affects immune system and causes many diseases . That is why we should resist stress state and give us positive life orientation.

Symptoms of stress

What is stress from practical point of view? To figure it out lets study the main symptoms of stress.

If you are in a stress state, it means only one thing: your body has reacted to some external irritant.

Kinds of stress

Stress And Gastrointestinal Complications

Body Effects Cause Music Human And Effect On

The effects of stress on nutrition and the gastrointestinal system can be summarized with two aspects of GI function.

First, stress can affect appetite . This effect is related to involvement of either the ventral tegmental area , or the amygdala via N-methyl-D-aspartate glutamate receptors . However, it should also be noted that nutrition patterns have effects on the response to stress , and this suggests a bilateral interaction between nutrition and stress.

Stress can also alter the functional physiology of the intestine . Many inflammatory diseases, such as Crohn’s disease and other ulcerative-based diseases of the GI tract, are associated with stress . It has been suggested that even childhood stress can lead to these diseases in adulthood . Irritable bowel syndrome, which is a disease with an inflammatory origin, is highly related to stress . Studies on various animals suggest the existence of inflammatory GI diseases following induction of severe stress . Additionally, pharmacological interventions, in an attempt to decrease the response of CRH to stress, have been shown to result in an increase in GI diseases in rats .

Stress has various effects on the function of GI system

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Stress And The Brain Function Complications

For a long time, researchers suggested that hormones have receptors just in the peripheral tissues and do not gain access to the central nervous system . However, observations have demonstrated the effect of anti-inflammatory drugs on behavioral and cognitive disorders and the phenomenon called Steroid psychosis . In the early sixties, neuropeptides were recognized as compounds devoid of effects on the peripheral endocrine system. However, it was determined that hormones are able to elicit biological effects on different parts of the CNS and play an important role in behavior and cognition . In 1968, McEven suggested for the first time that the brain of rodents is capable of responding to glucocorticoid . This hypothesis that stress can cause functional changes in the CNS was then accepted . From that time on, two types of corticotropic receptors were recognized . It was determined that the affinity of glucocorticosteroid receptors to cortisol and corticosterone was about one tenth of that of mineralocorticoids . The hippocampus area has both types of receptors, while other points of the brain have only glucocorticosteroid receptors .

Destructive effects of stress of CNS function

What Are Some Ways To Prevent Stress

Many daily strategies can help you keep stress at bay:

  • Try relaxation activities, such as meditation, yoga, tai chi, breathing exercises and muscle relaxation. Programs are available online, in smartphone apps, and at many gyms and community centers.
  • Take good care of your body each day. Eating right, exercising and getting enough sleep help your body handle stress much better.
  • Stay positive and practice gratitude, acknowledging the good parts of your day or life.
  • Accept that you cant control everything. Find ways to let go of worry about situations you cannot change.
  • Learn to say no to additional responsibilities when you are too busy or stressed.
  • Stay connected with people who keep you calm, make you happy, provide emotional support and help you with practical things. A friend, family member or neighbor can become a good listener or share responsibilities so that stress doesnt become overwhelming.

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Effects Of Stress On The Respiratory System

In the event of a sudden introduction of stress factors, the respiratory system responds in increased activity. Namely, the number of breaths per minute increases due to the rise in the need to supply oxygen to muscles and the brain . The described outcome is linked directly to the aforementioned fight or flight instinct, which enables the body to increase the speed and precision of its reactions to external factors. Furthermore, due to the constriction of the air pathways, breaths become shorter and faster . Thus, the respiratory system becomes overloaded in the event of acute stress in fact, studies show that an asthma attack may occur as a result .

How Does Chronic Stress Affect The Body

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Description of problem

Stress happens when an environmental, social, behavioural factor or combination of factors capable of inducing responses that may be harmful to physical, mental, and/or emotional health by destabilising the neural, psychological, and/or endocrine equilibrium of the body. When the human body is exposed to stress, psychological, neurological, metabolic, and hormonal reactions are induced. [Oxford University Press A Dictionary of Public Health, Ed.

Stress can be explained by the transactional model of stress.

The bodys response to stress happens in the nervous system. The autonomic nervous system is a part of the peripheral nervous system. It is extremely important in maintaining homeostasis is the nerve impulses transmitted by neurons. There are two separate divisions of the ANS:

Sympathetic branch = this controls the arousal determined by stress. It can lead to a faster heart rate and an increase in the individuals blood pressure.Parasympathetic branch = this carries out the opposite task to the sympathetic branch. It creates a state of physiological calm in the body.


These two work together to create a state of homeostasis. This is appropriate as there are two different systems for opposite responses so that they can be activated when needed and deactivated when not needed. In stress, the hypothalamus will trigger the sympathetic branch.

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