Tuesday, September 27, 2022

How To Deal With Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Avoiding Situations That Remind You Of The Event

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)- HOW TO DEAL WITH IT

You may try to avoid situations or people that trigger memories of the traumatic event. You may even avoid talking or thinking about the event.

  • A person who was in an earthquake may avoid watching television shows or movies in which there are earthquakes.
  • A person who was robbed at gunpoint while ordering at a hamburger drive-in may avoid fast-food restaurants.
  • Some people may keep very busy or avoid seeking help. This keeps them from having to think or talk about the event.

Signs And Symptoms Of Ptsd

PTSD develops differently from person to person because everyones nervous system and tolerance for stress is a little different. While youre most likely to develop symptoms of PTSD in the hours or days following a traumatic event, it can sometimes take weeks, months, or even years before they appear. Sometimes symptoms appear seemingly out of the blue. At other times, they are triggered by something that reminds you of the original traumatic event, such as a noise, an image, certain words, or a smell.

While everyone experiences PTSD differently, there are four main types of symptoms.

  • Re-experiencing the traumatic event through intrusive memories, flashbacks, nightmares, or intense mental or physical reactions when reminded of the trauma.
  • Avoidance and numbing, such as avoiding anything that reminds you of the trauma, being unable to remember aspects of the ordeal, a loss of interest in activities and life in general, feeling emotionally numb and detached from others and a sense of a limited future.
  • Hyperarousal, including sleep problems, irritability, hypervigilance , feeling jumpy or easily startled, angry outbursts, and aggressive, self-destructive, or reckless behavior.
  • Negative thought and mood changes like feeling alienated and alone, difficulty concentrating or remembering, depression and hopelessness, feeling mistrust and betrayal, and feeling guilt, shame, or self-blame.
  • Things To Remember As You Heal

    • Avoid drugs and alcohol
    • Limit screen time
    • Don’t isolate yourself

    Not following some of these tips can become a risk to your well-being and your overall recovery. The symptoms you are and have been experiencing can be overwhelming and debilitating. Eliminating or minimizing risks can help you find success in treatment and offer you a chance to experience a wonderful quality of life after going through a traumatic experience.

    Don’t Miss: How Does Stress Contribute To Heart Disease

    Common External Ptsd Triggers

    • Sights, sounds, or smells associated with the trauma.
    • People, locations, or things that recall the trauma.
    • Significant dates or times, such as anniversaries or a specific time of day.
    • Nature .
    • Conversations or media coverage about trauma or negative news events.
    • Situations that feel confining .
    • Relationship, family, school, work, or money pressures or arguments.
    • Funerals, hospitals, or medical treatment.

    How To Recognize Ptsd

    Symptoms of Post

    How to recognize PTSD without raising tensions is to look for avoidance symptoms, such as unreasonable guilt, fretfulness and depression. Observe if your loved one avoids the place, objects or events that pertain to the traumatic experience. Determine if a lack of enthusiasm for activities that were previously enjoyable is present. Also, be aware of hyperarousal symptoms. These can be outbursts of anger, sleep disturbances, tension or being easily startled.

    Read Also: How Does The Body React To Stress

    How Can Parents Help

    Above all, your child needs your support and understanding. Sometimes other family members like parents and siblings will need support too. While family and friends can play a key role in helping someone recover, help usually is needed from a trained therapist.

    Here are some other things parents can do to support kids with PTSD:

    What Are The Treatments For Post

    The main treatments for PTSD are talk therapy, medicines, or both. PTSD affects people differently, so a treatment that works for one person may not work for another. If you have PTSD, you need to work with a mental health professional to find the best treatment for your symptoms.

    • Talk therapy, or psychotherapy, which can teach you about your symptoms. You will learn how to identify what triggers them and how to manage them. There are different types of talk therapy for PTSD.
    • Medicines can help with the symptoms of PTSD. Antidepressants may help control symptoms such as sadness, worry, anger, and feeling numb inside. Other medicines can help with sleep problems and nightmares.

    Recommended Reading: Can Stress Bring On Parkinson’s Disease

    How You Can Treat Ptsd

    If a person is having trouble at work and in their personal life, it may be time to intervene.

    Medication can help with symptoms of depression, while therapy aims to address other mental health issues such as anxiety or post-traumatic stress disorder.

    • The medication works quite well, especially when anxiety and depression are involved; although, not everyone is flexible to medication.
    • Most of the therapies focus very much on the present and what the patient can do, right now, to reduce stress day by day.
    • Other interventions may include yoga, meditation, or exercise that deliver a relaxing effect, maybe something as simple as a daily walk at lunch to enjoy the fresh air.

    What Are The Symptoms Of Post

    What Is C-PTSD? (Complex Post Traumatic Stress Disorder)

    There are four types of PTSD symptoms, but they may not be the same for everyone. Each person experiences symptoms in their own way. The types are

    • Re-experiencing symptoms, where something reminds you of the trauma and you feel that fear again. Examples include
    • Flashbacks, which cause you to feel like you are going through the event again
    • Nightmares
    • Frightening thoughts
  • Avoidance symptoms, where you try to avoid situations or people that trigger memories of the traumatic event. This may cause you to
  • Stay away from places, events, or objects that are reminders of the traumatic experience. For example, if you were in a car accident, you might stop driving.
  • Avoiding thoughts or feelings related to the traumatic event. For example, you might try to stay very busy to try to avoid thinking about what happened.
  • Arousal and reactivity symptoms, which may cause you to be jittery or be on the lookout for danger. They include
  • Being easily startled
  • Cognition and mood symptoms, which are negative changes in beliefs and feelings. They include
  • Trouble remembering important things about the traumatic event
  • Negative thoughts about yourself or the world
  • Feeling blame and guilt
  • No longer being interested in things you enjoyed
  • Trouble concentrating
  • The symptoms usually start soon after the traumatic event. But sometimes they may not appear until months or years later. They also may come and go over many years.

    Read Also: How Can I Be Less Stressed

    S You Can Take To Help Someone With Ptsd

    You can take steps to help someone with PTSD. Learn about the disorder so you can relate to what your loved one is going through and know what to expect. Talk to your loved one, and acknowledge spoken feelings. Encourage treatment as its paramount for recovery. Invite your loved one to accompany you for a walk or some other peaceful activity. Its good for the person to rejoin the world. Show your support in all ways, and above all, be patient.

    People who suffer from PTSD feel like theyve lost control. Taking an active role in your loved ones recovery can help to empower them. One good practice is to focus on repairing the rift the trauma left behind. Encourage your loved one to spend time with family and friends and to leave the house for a little while each day. You might advise becoming involved in PTSD awareness as a step toward empowerment. The smallest action can help a person regain control.

    How To Help Someone With Post

    Post-traumatic stress disorder sometimes occurs when a traumatic event is experienced. The illness is marked by uncontrollable thoughts, extreme anxiety, nightmares and flashbacks. PTSD sometimes causes short-term memory loss and can have long-term chronic psychological repercussions. Its imperative to seek treatment for PTSD as early as possible. Symptoms can become more severe over time, and for some people, PTSD can last for many years.

    Read Also: What Are Symptoms Of Post Traumatic Stress

    Talking To Your Loved One About Ptsd Triggers

    Ask your loved one about things theyve done in the past to respond to a trigger that seemed to help . Then come up with a joint game plan for how you will respond in future.

    Decide with your loved one how you should respond when they have a nightmare, flashback, or panic attack. Having a plan in place will make the situation less scary for both of you. Youll also be in a much better position to help your loved one calm down.

    How to help someone having a flashback or panic attack

    During a flashback, people often feel a sense of disassociation, as if theyre detached from their own body. Anything you can do to ground them will help.

    • Tell your loved one theyre having a flashback and that even though it feels real, the event is not actually happening again.
    • Help remind them of their surroundings .
    • Encourage them to take deep, slow breaths .
    • Avoid sudden movements or anything that might startle them.
    • Ask before you touch them. Touching or putting your arms around the person might make them feel trapped, which can lead to greater agitation and even violence.

    How Is Ptsd Diagnosed In A Child

    (PDF) Dealing with post

    Not every child or teen who goes through a trauma gets PTSD. PTSD is diagnosed only if symptoms keep happening for more than 1 month and are negatively affecting the childs life and how he or she functions. For those with PTSD, symptoms most often start within 3 months after the traumatic event. But they can also start months or years later.

    A child psychiatrist or mental health expert can diagnose PTSD. He or she will do a mental health evaluation. ;

    Also Check: How Does Mindfulness Help With Stress

    What Are The Signs & Symptoms Of Ptsd

    Symptoms of PTSD usually develop within the first month after the trauma. But in some cases, they can start months or even years later. Symptoms can go on for years or they can go away and then come back if another event brings up memories of the trauma. In fact, anniversaries of the event can cause a flood of emotions and unpleasant memories.

    Someone with PTSD might have some or all of these symptoms:

    • Reliving the traumatic event. People with PTSD might have nightmares, flashbacks, or disturbing mental images about the trauma.
    • Avoiding reminders of the trauma. People with PTSD may avoid people, places, or activities that remind them of the stressful event. They also may avoid talking about what happened, even to a therapist or counselor.
    • Emotional numbness. Many people with PTSD feel numb or detached. They may view the world more negatively or feel like they can’t trust anything. Scientists and doctors think this might be because the body makes too much of some in the brain that numb the senses during stress.
    • Anxiety. People with PTSD may be easily startled, on edge, jumpy, irritable, or tense. This may be due to high levels of stress hormones in the body. Difficulty concentrating and trouble sleeping can be part of this hyper-alert, anxious state.

    Eye Movement Desensitisation And Reprocessing

    Eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing is a psychological treatment that’s been found to reduce the symptoms of PTSD.

    It involves recalling the traumatic incident in detail while making eye movements, usually by following the movement of your therapist’s finger.;

    Other methods;may include;the therapist tapping their finger or playing a tone.

    It’s not clear exactly how EMDR works,;but it may help you change the negative way you think about a traumatic experience.

    Recommended Reading: What Are The Signs Of Stress

    Support Is Important For Recovery

    Many people experience some of the symptoms of PTSD in the first two weeks after a traumatic event, but most recover on their own or with the help of family and friends. For this reason, formal treatment for PTSD does not usually start for at least two or more weeks after a traumatic experience.

    It is important during the first few days and weeks after a traumatic event to get whatever help is needed. This may include accessing information, people and resources that can help you to recover. Support from family and friends may be all that is needed. Otherwise, a doctor is the best place to start to get further help.

    Common Internal Ptsd Triggers

    How To Handle Someone Dealing With Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
    • Physical discomfort, such as hunger, thirst, fatigue, sickness, and sexual frustration.
    • Any bodily sensation that recalls the trauma, including pain, old wounds and scars, or a similar injury.
    • Strong emotions, especially feeling helpless, out of control, or trapped.
    • Feelings toward family members, including mixed feelings of love, vulnerability, and resentment.

    Read Also: How Do I Stop Being Stressed

    Arousal And Reactivity Symptoms Include:

    • Being easily startled
    • Feeling tense or on edge
    • Having difficulty sleeping
    • Having angry outbursts

    Arousal symptoms are usually constant, instead of being triggered by things that remind one of the traumatic events. These symptoms can make the person feel stressed and angry. They may make it hard to do daily tasks, such as sleeping, eating, or concentrating.

    Tip : Support Treatment

    Despite the importance of your love and support, it isnt always enough. Many people who have been traumatized need professional PTSD therapy. But bringing it up can be touchy. Think about how youd feel if someone suggested that you needed therapy.

    Wait for the right time to raise your concerns. Dont bring it up when youre arguing or in the middle of a crisis. Also, be careful with your language. Avoid anything that implies that your loved one is crazy. Frame it in a positive, practical light: treatment is a way to learn new skills that can be used to handle a wide variety of PTSD-related challenges.

    Emphasize the benefits. For example, therapy can help them become more independent and in control. Or it can help reduce the anxiety and avoidance that is keeping them from doing the things they want to do.

    Focus on specific problems. If your loved one shuts down when you talk about PTSD or counseling, focus instead on how treatment can help with specific issues like anger management, anxiety, or concentration and memory problems.

    Acknowledge the hassles and limitations of therapy. For example, you could say, I know that therapy isnt a quick or magical cure, and it may take a while to find the right therapist. But even if it helps a little, it will be worth it.

    Encourage your loved one to join a support group. Getting involved with others who have gone through similar traumatic experiences can help some people with PTSD feel less damaged and alone.

    Read Also: How Do I Handle Stress

    Rape Or Sexual Trauma

    The trauma of being raped or sexually assaulted can be shattering, leaving you feeling scared, ashamed, and alone, or plagued by nightmares, flashbacks, and other unpleasant memories. But no matter how bad you feel right now, its important to remember that you werent to blame for what happened, and you can regain your sense of safety, trust, and self-worth.

    How To Treat Ptsd

    Post traumatic stress disorder

    If self-coping doesnt work for your loved one, youll need to know how to treat PTSD another way. Find a doctor to talk to and offer to go to the visit together. Many people find answers in formal treatment. Psychotherapy and medication are very effective for recovering from a trauma. Learn about cognitive behavioral therapy and medications used to treat PTSD, and share this information with your loved one.

    Read Also: Can Stress Cause Your Heart To Skip Beats

    How To Overcome And Cure Ptsd

    There are many different scenarios that can lead a person to experience PTSD . As a person who has had to deal with PTSD and knows about the extreme fight or flight response and adrenaline that accompanies this severe disorder, I know how painful it can be to deal with. Not everyone with the disorder will overcome the severity of symptoms that they experience, but after putting up with the rapid-thinking, extreme sense of fear, flashbacks, and hyperarousal for years, part of you will want to move on.

    If you are ready to acknowledge that part of your spirit is ready to move on to a state of living free of fear and free of this fight or flight response, this is when you know you are ready to attempt to deal with PTSD. For me, I honestly thought I was going to live in a state of fear for the rest of my existence. In totality, my experience with PTSD ended up lasting about 8 years. Mine was brought about by a severe life-threatening diagnosis at the doctor. Im not going to get into all the details, but lets just say that I became so scared, that I was literally hyperfocused on every breath, every heartbeat, and my senses were off the charts; normal sounds were like sonic booms.

    Key Points About Posttraumatic Stress Disorder In Children

    • PTSD is a mental health problem. A child with PTSD has constant, scary thoughts and memories of a past event.

    • A traumatic event, such as a car crash, natural disaster, or physical abuse, can cause PTSD.

    • Children with PTSD may relive the trauma over and over again. They may have nightmares or flashbacks.

    • PTSD is diagnosed only if symptoms keep occurring for more than 1 month and are negatively affecting the childs life.

    • A child with PTSD may need therapy and medicine. They are at higher risk for other mental health problems such as depression, anxiety, and suicidal thoughts

    You May Like: How To Cope With Anxiety Stress And Depression

    Avoid Alcohol And Drugs

    Often people use alcohol or drugs to distract themselves from stress or difficult memories. However, substance abuse can actually worsen the symptoms. Drinking/substance abuse could cause one to isolate further and shun any social interaction; lack of company could further push one into depression; or anger. Not only do these come in the way of treatment, these habits to further cause of rift in personal relationship and hinder professional life.

    PTSD

    - Advertisement - spot_img
    Popular Articles
    Related news