Tuesday, January 31, 2023

How To Know If You Have Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

How Ptsd Affects Work

Identifying and Treating Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder | Chivonna Childs, PhD

There isnt only an impact on relationships and marriage, PTSD affects work for some individuals as well. The extent to which it affects their employment depends on the person and their trauma, and some might not experience an impact at all. Still, there is the possibility it could affect a persons ability to find or maintain employment.

Sometimes invasive memories or flashbacks occur at unpredictable times during work hours. The re-experiencing symptoms may be so severe that the person cannot complete the tasks their work requires. Other symptoms like depression or anxiety can also impact their performance at work.

If their PTSD symptoms are severe enough to affect their work, it might be helpful to take some time off to focus on recovery. Some companies offer incredible benefits that may allow them to take time off to seek treatment. Others might not provide the treatment itself but allow for time off to find help before returning to work.

All You Need to Know About EMDRTherapy is an essential component of drug treatment. Since trauma is a common underlying root of drug and alcohol addiction, therapy can help addicts uncover and work through their issues in a safe and supportive environment.All About EMDR

What Can I Do If I Am Not Happy With My Treatment

If you are not happy with your treatment you can:

  • talk to your doctor about your treatment options,
  • ask for a second opinion,
  • ask a relative, friend or advocate to help you speak your doctor,
  • contact Patient Advice and Liaison Service , or
  • make a complaint.

There is more information about these options below.

Treatment options

You should first speak to your doctor about your treatment. Explain why you are not happy with it. You could ask what other treatments you could try.

Tell your doctor if there is a type of treatment that you would like to try. Doctors should listen to your preference. If you are not given this treatment, ask your doctor to explain why it is not suitable for you.

Second opinion

A second opinion means that you would like a different doctor to give their opinion about what treatment you should have. You can also ask for a second opinion if you disagree with your diagnosis.

You dont have a legal right to a second opinion. But your doctor should listen to your reason for wanting a second opinion.


An advocate is independent from the mental health service. They are free to use. They can be useful if you find it difficult to get your views heard.

There are different types of advocates available. Community advocates can support you to get a health professional to listen to your concerns. And help you to get the treatment that you would like.

You can find out more about:

Ptsd In Children And Teenagers

Older children and teenagers experience similar problems to adults when they develop PTSD. Younger children can express distress in a different way. For example, they may re-live the traumatic event through repetitive play rather than having unwanted memories of the event during the day. Many children have frightening dreams without recognisable content rather than nightmares that replay the traumatic event. Children may also lose interest in play, become socially withdrawn, or have extreme temper tantrums.

About one third of children who experience a traumatic event will develop PTSD.

Other problems that can develop alongside PTSD include anxiety or depression, defiant behaviour, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and in teenagers and young adults, suicidal thoughts and alcohol or drug use.

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Cognition And Mood Symptoms

These are negative changes in how you see yourself and the world at large. PTSD can have you feeling hopeless and living with an inability to have positive emotions. You might become distant and isolate yourself and find it difficult to enjoy activities that you once loved.

Another debilitating symptom is seeing yourself in a bad light like somehow youre not worthy of love or friendship anymore. Some people also go as far as blaming themselves for the traumatic event if only I had stayed home, if only I wasnt walking alone,if only Its important that you never give in to these feelings. No matter what has happened, you are worthy of healing and success in life.

Is It Possible To Have Ptsd And Not Remember The Event

Atlanta Post

Sometimes the originating event was so terrifying or shocking that the conscious portion of the brain completely blanked out any memory of it. Sometimes the memory will begin to surface during therapy focused on ones past. Often the cause may be vaguely remembered but the details in and surrounding the event are not. Sometimes the connection between PTSD and the original causal event is not evident, or the symptoms may not surface until years after the event.

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Ptsd Signs And Symptoms

The concept of post-traumatic stress disorder has been with us for centuries but has had many names. It was shell shock and battle fatigue before it was PTSD and is now known to affect not just military veterans but anyone who has gone through an intense traumatic experience. In fact, about one in 11 people will have PTSD in their lifetime, according to the American Psychiatric Association.

While anxiety symptoms are a huge part of PTSD, theyre not the whole picture. People with PTSD often suffer from depression, negative thoughts, and impulsive or self-destructive behavior as well.

PTSD also has its own treatments, which is why its important to get the right diagnosis.

With proper treatment, veterans and all Americans can lead happy, whole, healthy lives with PTSD, says Emily Blair, manager of military and veterans policy at the National Alliance on Mental Illness. Here are the signs and symptoms to watch for.

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How Do Children And Teens React To Trauma

Children and teens can have extreme reactions to trauma, but their symptoms may not be the same as those seen in adults. In young children under the age of 6, symptoms can include:

  • Wetting the bed after having learned to use the toilet
  • Forgetting how or being unable to talk
  • Acting out the scary event during playtime
  • Being unusually clingy with a parent or other adult

Older children and teens usually show symptoms more like those seen in adults. They also may develop disruptive, disrespectful, or destructive behaviors. Older children and teens may feel guilty for not preventing injury or deaths. They also may have thoughts of revenge.

For more information, see the National Institute of Mental Health brochure, Helping Children and Adolescents Cope With Disasters and Other Traumatic Events.

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Are There Different Types Of Ptsd

Three different types of post-traumatic stress disorder exist. If symptoms last less than three months, the condition is considered acute PTSD. If symptoms last at least three months, the disorder is referred to as chronic PTSD. If symptoms manifest at least six months following a traumatic event, the disorder is classified delayed-onset PTSD, according to the National Institute of Health .

Best Treatments For Ptsd

How Can I Tell If I Have PTSD or Post Traumatic Stress Disorder??

Suffering from PTSD might feel like there is no end to it. But PTSD is treatable. A combination of psychotherapy and medication works wonders for the sufferer. The aim of therapy is to-.

  • Improve symptoms
  • Teach skills to manage symptoms
  • Restore self-esteem

Most therapies that help with PTSD fall under cognitive behavioural therapy. The main idea behind these therapies is to distort the disturbing thought patterns controlling you. If required, one can also be a part of group and family therapy.

The therapies commonly used for PTSD include,

  • Cognitive processing theory
  • Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing
  • Stress inoculation training

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Who Is At Risk For Ptsd

People who have experienced or seen a physical or sexual assault, a disaster, an accident, or a terror attack are at risk for PTSD, as are soldiers who have experienced combat. In PTSD, the person continues to feel afraid or stressed even when no longer in danger. Typically, PTSD is related to an event or events involving actual or threatened death, serious injury, or sexual violence, says Thomas D. Harpley, PhD, a clinical psychologist in San Diego, California.

The traumatic event may be directly experienced or witnessed in person as it occurred to someone else, Harpley says. Or PTSD can happen when you learn that a traumatic event occurred to a close family member or close friend. PTSD also can involve repeated or extreme exposure to aversive details of the traumatic events, like what happens with first responders or police officers.

How Canada Is Helping

Canada is committed to addressing PTSD. We passed the Federal Framework on Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Act in June 2018. The Act recognizes that all Canadians can be at risk for PTSD and that a great number face higher risks because of the nature of their work.

The Act led to a National Conference on PTSD in April 2019. Experts from across the country, including people with lived experience, shared their knowledge and views. With their involvement, we have developed Canadas first Federal Framework on Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

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Tip : Support Ptsd Treatment With A Healthy Lifestyle

The symptoms of PTSD can be hard on your body so its important to take care of yourself and develop some healthy lifestyle habits.

Take time to relax. Relaxation techniques such as meditation, deep breathing, massage, or yoga can activate the bodys relaxation response and ease symptoms of PTSD.

Avoid alcohol and drugs. When youre struggling with difficult emotions and traumatic memories, you may be tempted to self-medicate with alcohol or drugs. But substance use worsens many symptoms of PTSD, interferes with treatment, and can add to problems in your relationships.

Eata healthy diet. Start your day right with breakfast, and keep your energy up and your mind clear with balanced, nutritious meals throughout the day. Omega-3s play a vital role in emotional health so incorporate foods such as fatty fish, flaxseed, and walnuts into your diet. Limit processed food, fried food, refined starches, and sugars, which can exacerbate mood swings and cause fluctuations in your energy.

Get enough sleep. Sleep deprivation can trigger anger, irritability, and moodiness. Aim for somewhere between 7 to 9 hours of sleep each night. Develop a relaxing bedtime ritual and make your bedroom as quiet, dark, and soothing as possible.

How To Tell If You Have Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

How Do You Know If You Have Post

You have it, if the traumatic event is persistently re-experienced in one of the following ways:

xxxx Recurrent and intrusive distressing recollections of the event, including images,xxxx thoughts, or perceptions.

xxxx Recurrent distressing dreams of the event.

xxxx Acting or feeling as if the traumatic event were recurring .

xxxx Intense psychological distress at exposure to internal or external cues thatxxxx symbolize or resemble an aspect of the traumatic event.

xxxx Physiological reactivity on exposure to internal or external cues that symbolizexxxx or resemble an aspect of the traumatic event.

xxxx And you also have persistent avoidance of stimuli associated with the traumaxxxx and numbing of general responsiveness , asxxxx indicated by three of the following:xxxx xxxx Efforts to avoid thoughts, feelings, or conversations associatedxxxx xxxx with the trauma

xxxx xxxx Efforts to avoid activities, places, or people that arouse recollectionsxxxx xxxx of the trauma

xxxx xxxx Inability to recall an important aspect of the trauma

xxxx xxxx Markedly diminished interest or participation in significant activities

xxxx xxxx Feeling of detachment or estrangement from others

xxxx xxxx Restricted range of affect

xxxx xxxx Sense of a foreshortened future

And you have persistent symptoms of increased arousal , as indicated by two of the following:xxxx Difficulty falling or staying asleepxxxx Irritability or outbursts of angerxxxx Difficulty concentrating

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What Does It Feel Like To Have Ptsd

The person can experience flashbacks in which they relive the traumatic event or events. This can cause symptoms like a racing heart or sweating. The person also can have reoccurring dreams or memories related to the event, upsetting thoughts, and feelings of irritability and anger. A person with PTSD can be easily startled, feel tense and on edge, have difficulty concentrating, falling asleep or staying asleep, and engage in risky, destructive, or reckless behavior.1

Other symptoms of PTSD include sadness, anger, and feeling withdrawn. The person can feel detached or disconnected from themselves or from the world, says Thomas D. Harpley, PhD, a clinical psychologist in San Diego, California.

Screening For Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

If you suspect that you might suffer from PTSD, answer the questions below, print out the results and share them with your health care professional.

To locate a specialist who treats PTSD, visit the ADAA Find a Therapist.

Are you troubled by the following?

Yes You have experienced or witnessed a life-threatening event that caused intense fear, helplessness, or horror.

Do you have intrusions about the event in at least one of the following ways?

Yes Repeated, distressing memories, or dreams
Yes No Acting or feeling as if the event were happening again
Yes No Intense physical and/or emotional distress when you are exposed to things that remind you of the event

Do you avoid things that remind you of the event in at least one of the following ways?


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Are There Different Subtypes Of Ptsd

Yes. PTSD has two subtypes. If you have a subtype, this means you have the usual PTSD symptoms but also have one of the following:

1) PTSD with dissociation: People with this subtype have an extra PTSD symptom called dissociation. Dissociation is a state of mind where you feel disconnected from yourself, or out of touch with your surroundings.

People who dissociate sometimes feel like they are watching themselves from the outside, as if they were a character in a movie. Severe dissociation can also cause amnesia , or problems interacting with others.

2) Delayed PTSD: People with this subtype dont have full PTSD symptoms until at least 6 months after experiencing trauma. This happens in about 25% of people with PTSD.

What Ptsd Feels Like

What Are the Signs of PTSD?

The easiest way to explain what PTSD feels like is like your fight-or-flight mode is always engaged to some extent. Many people with PTSD feel like theyre constantly on edge and ready for something to happen. Some feel like they need to remain aware of their surroundings and prepared for sudden or unexpected triggers.

PTSD doesnt feel the same way for everyone, though. Similar to the ways PTSD doesnt affect everyones lives exactly the same, PTSD feels different for different people. Although there are groups of similar symptoms that help clinicians diagnose PTSD, there is no one-size-fits-all experience for the disorder.

For example, post-traumatic stress disorder tends to cause high levels of anxiety and stress. People experience those feelings at different times, though. Some people can navigate the day with relative ease while the nights lead to overwhelming unease and anxiety. Others struggle during the day then find themselves fatigued and exhausted by the end of it.

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How Ptsd Affects The Brain

Post-traumatic stress disorder essentially places a person into a nonstop fight-or-flight mode. They are on edge almost constantly, worried about the possibility of the trauma happening again. If theyre not actively thinking about their trauma, there is a chance that something may happen that triggers a response in them.

They also experience psychological impacts like difficulties forming healthy relationships. PTSD often encourages irrational thoughts that something bad might happen to them or to people they care about. Their view of the world tends to darken after the traumatic event, leading to a more negative outlook on life.

When Does Ptsd Start

Stress, anxiety, and fear are common during the first few days following an event. Traumatic events are not an easy thing for anyone to work through and everyone responds to trauma differently. There is no right way to work through a life-altering event.

Most people work through the traumatic experience without much need for intervention. They process the event and work through their feelings naturally then move forward. But some are still plagued by their symptoms after the first few weeks and months are over.

Post-traumatic stress disorder develops over time. Symptoms that persist for longer than three months, or that go away for a while then return months later, are an indication of PTSD. If you notice youre still reacting to the event more than a few months afterward, you might want to visit a psychiatrist for an assessment.

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What Can I Do To Help Myself

It is important to know that, although it may take some time, you can get better with treatment. Here are some things you can do to help yourself:

  • Talk with your health care provider about treatment options, and follow your treatment plan.
  • Engage in exercise, mindfulness, or other activities that help reduce stress.
  • Try to maintain routines for meals, exercise, and sleep.
  • Set realistic goals and do what you can as you are able.
  • Spend time with trusted friends or relatives, and tell them about things that may trigger symptoms.
  • Expect your symptoms to improve gradually, not immediately.
  • Avoid use of alcohol or drugs.

Is Ptsd A Permanent Disability


It can be, says Thomas D. Harpley, PhD, a clinical psychologist in San Diego, California. Even with treatment, PTSD can last for years and be very disabling, he says.

How long PTSD lasts varies by person. Some people get better within six months but the symptoms in other people can last for years. And people who have PTSD can have other mental health conditions as well, like depression, substance abuse, or an anxiety disorder.1

  • National Institute of Mental Health. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. Page Last Revised in 2020. Accessed June 7, 2021.
  • National Center for PTSD. PTSD: Epidemiology of PTSD. Accessed June 7, 2021.
  • The Mayo Clinic. Adjustment disorders. Page Last Updated October 2017. Accessed June 7, 2021.
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