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How To Manage Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Ways To Cope With Symptoms Of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

3 Ways To Manage PTSD Triggers (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder)

Post traumatic stress disorder can be a very debilitating disorder. In fact, many cases of PTSD require post traumatic stress disorder treatment at a PTSD treatment center. Symptoms of this condition include sleep loss, excessive worry, drug abuse , and loneliness. How can you overcome this disorder? The following are 10 steps used to manage post traumatic stress disorder.

  • Talk with your doctor about your concerns.
  • After asking your doctor about this disorder, learn everything you can about it.
  • Accept the fact that you have post traumatic stress disorder. Realize that you will experience many ups and downs in life and that healing takes time.
  • Tell your family members and friends about your condition. Explain to them the symptoms and help them to better understand what you are dealing with.
  • Find someone you can trust to help you through your disorder. This person should not be judgmental, should be willing to listen to you, and should be there to offer support in times of need.
  • Take the time to exercise and eat healthy foods. These two necessities give you energy and encourage the health of your body. Also, exercise is a natural stress reliever.
  • Dont isolate yourself. Spend time with family and friends and join in on group activities.
  • Seek out therapy. Regardless of the severity of your condition, individual and group therapy types will benefit you. Therapists specializing in post traumatic stress disorder are typically most effective.
  • How To Diagnose Ptsd

    The first step in diagnosing trauma is making an appointment with a doctor, preferably someone trained in mental health disorders. The doctor will talk with the patient to determine their state of mind. The practitioner will have to determine whether the prerequisite symptoms for PTSD are present before deciding how to proceed. For a diagnosis of PTSD, the patient must have experienced the following for at least one month:

    • At least one event in which they re-experience symptoms
    • At least three avoidance symptoms
    • At least two hyperarousal symptoms
    • Symptoms that interfere with daily life activities

    Emotional And Physical Coping Strategies

    One of the most important ways to cope with PTSDand many other conditionsis to take care of your mental and physical wellness. There are many strategies that can work together with your treatment to not only help you cope with PTSD but to strengthen your mind and body in ways that can benefit you in your everyday life.

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    How To Help Someone With Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

    December 22, 2018 by phillyfamilylife

    When someone suffers from PTSD, they can experience restless sleep, anxiety attacks, and depression. PTSD is also associated with isolationist behavior and emotional detachment. For friends, family, and romantic partners, it can be difficult to know how to help a loved one with post traumatic stress disorder.

    It can be especially difficult if you knew this person before the onset of their PTSD symptoms. It is important to acknowledge that it is normal to feel discouraged, frustrated, or scared when witnessing the toll of PTSD in your loved ones life. The best thing you can do is educate yourself on PTSD and remember to take care of your own mental and emotional health as well.

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    How To Help Someone With Post

    How To Treat Post

    Post-traumatic stress disorder sometimes occurs when a traumatic event is experienced. The illness is marked by uncontrollable thoughts, extreme anxiety, nightmares and flashbacks. PTSD sometimes causes short-term memory loss and can have long-term chronic psychological repercussions. Its imperative to seek treatment for PTSD as early as possible. Symptoms can become more severe over time, and for some people, PTSD can last for many years.

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    Ptsd Treatment And Therapy

    Treatment for PTSD can relieve symptoms by helping you deal with the trauma youve experienced. A doctor or therapist will encourage you to recall and process the emotions you felt during the original event in order to reduce the powerful hold the memory has on your life.

    During treatment, youll also explore your thoughts and feelings about the trauma, work through feelings of guilt and mistrust, learn how to cope with intrusive memories, and address the problems PTSD has caused in your life and relationships.

    The types of treatment available for PTSD include:

    Trauma-focused cognitive-behavioral therapy involves gradually exposing yourself to feelings and situations that remind you of the trauma, and replacing distorted and irrational thoughts about the experience with a more balanced picture.

    Family therapy can help your loved ones understand what youre going through and help you work through relationship problems together as a family.

    Medication is sometimes prescribed to people with PTSD to relieve secondary symptoms of depression or anxiety, although they do not treat the causes of PTSD.

    EMDR incorporates elements of cognitive-behavioral therapy with eye movements or other forms of rhythmic, left-right stimulation, such as hand taps or sounds. These techniques work by unfreezing the brains information processing system, which is interrupted in times of extreme stress.

    Emotional And Psychological Trauma

    If youve experienced an extremely stressful eventor series of eventsthats left you feeling helpless and emotionally out of control, you may have been traumatized. Psychological trauma often has its roots in childhood, but any event that shatters your sense of safety can leave you feeling traumatized, whether its an accident, injury, the sudden death of a loved one, bullying, domestic abuse, or a deeply humiliating experience. Whether the trauma happened years ago or yesterday, you can get over the pain, feel safe again, and move on with your life.

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    How To Manage Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

    A mother who meant the world to you, that little adorable sister you couldnt live without, the big brother who would always fend for you and a loving father who held your hand when you were scared…a loving family indeed that held dreams and a future so bright, but then one day, all that was taken away from you – your loved ones got murdered brutally before your eyes and you miraculously stayed behind, alone in a cold world.;

    How can life hold meaning? What reason would one have to keep on living? Survivors of the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi continue to grapple with this devastating pain every single day of their lives. Sadly, this experience does not only harm one physically but can also cause enormous psychological wounds.

    He later got another chance at life when his grandmother took him in. She loved and cared for him but, as fate would have it, Ujenezas grandma later passed on and no one was left for him. He was, to say the least, lost and hopeless until destiny got him to a foster home. Life has since moved on for him, but he is filled with bitter memories.

    I rarely talk about what happened to me because it stirs up painful memories. However, I am trying to move on.

    The worst experiences come at night when I try to sleep as I always get nightmares. I once talked to a counsellor and it helped but it keeps coming back; its hard for one to run from their past, Ujeneza says.

    Experts view on psychological trauma

    Care for PTSD victims

    The Dangers of PTSD

    Agencies

    How Common Is Ptsd

    Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

    At least half the people in the United States have experienced a traumatic event. Among this group, 10% of men and 20% of women develop PTSD. Women experience neglect or abuse during childhood more often than men. They also experience sexual assault and domestic violence more often. Women tend to experience trauma differently than men, too.

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    Dont Be Too Hard On Yourself

    One more thing you should definitely do if you have PTSD: Be kind to yourself. That advice probably makes you roll your eyes but sometimes, cheesy advice rings true. PTSD can cause feelings of guilt, shame and anger. When youre feeling down, it can help to remember that its not you. Its the disorder.

    PTSD changes the structure of your brain, Dr. Wimbiscus points out. Think about that: Your brain is physically different than it used to be. PTSD is not caused by weakness, and you cant just make yourself get over it.

    So what should you do when youre feeling hopeless? Remember that hopelessness, too, can be a symptom of the disorder.

    And try to follow Dr. Wimbiscus advice: Focus on getting through your daily tasks, and know that it gets better. Allow time to do its work. It may be a struggle right now, but time is one of our greatest healers. There is hope.

    What Are The Treatments For Post

    The main treatments for PTSD are talk therapy, medicines, or both. PTSD affects people differently, so a treatment that works for one person may not work for another. If you have PTSD, you need to work with a mental health professional to find the best treatment for your symptoms.

    • Talk therapy, or psychotherapy, which can teach you about your symptoms. You will learn how to identify what triggers them and how to manage them. There are different types of talk therapy for PTSD.
    • Medicines can help with the symptoms of PTSD. Antidepressants may help control symptoms such as sadness, worry, anger, and feeling numb inside. Other medicines can help with sleep problems and nightmares.

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    What Is Complex Post

    The main symptoms of PTSD and complex PTSD are the same. But if you have complex PTSD you will have extra symptoms such as:

    • constant issues with keeping a relationship,
    • finding it difficult to feel connected to other people,
    • constant belief that you are worthless with deep feelings of shame and guilt. This will be related to the trauma, and
    • constant and severe emotional dysregulation. This means it is difficult to control your emotions

    You are more likely to have complex PTSD if your trauma is linked to an event or series of events. The trauma will be very threatening or frightening. Most commonly from a trauma which you were not able to escape from such as:

    • torture
    • a long period of domestic abuse, or
    • a long period of sexual or physical abuse

    What is the treatment for complex PTSD?

    You may respond to trauma focussed therapies if you have complex PTSD. Please see the section below on therapies and additional needs for PTSD.

    There is some overlap of symptoms for complex PTSD and borderline personality disorder . If you have complex PTSD you may benefit from certain treatments that help people with BPD.

    You can find more information about ‘Borderline Personality Disorder’ by clicking here.

    Common Symptoms Of Ptsd

    Infographic: hat to do if you develop symptoms of PTSD

    In general, the symptoms fall into three main categories: intrusive, arousal and avoidance. They generally follow the cycle shown in the diagram below.

    ;

    Reproduced from PTSD Resources for Survivors and Caregivers article, with permission from giftfromwithin.org, an international non-profit organization for survivors of trauma and victimization.

    Note:

    Not everyone will experience every type of symptom, and sometimes these symptoms do not appear in the order shown above.

    Intrusive: people with PTSD often experience flashbacks and nightmares about their trauma. These intrusive thoughts can be triggered by situations or conversations that remind them of the event, and make them feel as if they are reliving it.

    Arousal: people with PTSD may feel a heightened state of tension or alarm, called hyperarousal. This manifests itself in symptoms such as insomnia, an inability to concentrate, persistent fear, or being easily startled.

    Avoidance: people with PTSD may try to shut out their feelings about their trauma. They shun the people, places or situations that remind them of their ordeal. They may lose interest in activities that they used to enjoy. They might also feel depressed, guilty or worried. Its common for them to feel emotionally numb and cut off from their friends and family.

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    Where To Get Help

    • Your doctor
    • Mental health specialist, such as a psychiatrist, psychologist or social worker, with experience in treatment of PTSD
    • Community health centre
    • Australian Guidelines for the Treatment of Acute Stress Disorder and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, 2013, Australian Centre for Posttraumatic Mental Health. More information here.

    How Can I Help A Loved One

    When someone is diagnosed with PTSD, loved ones can also experience a lot of difficulties. You may feel guilty or angry about the trauma itselfthen, on top of those feelings, experience difficulties around PTSD. You may feel like your loved one is a different person, worry that things will never be normal, or wonder what will happen in the future. Here are some tips to help you cope:

    With support, people can recover from PTSD and the effects of trauma. Recovery is good for the entire family, especially for young people who are still learning how to interact with the world. A loved ones recovery is a chance for everyone to learn the skills that support wellness.

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    How To Conquer Post

    Image Source: Unsplash

    It is normal to experience some sort of emotional reaction when you have been exposed to a traumatic or stressful event. Most people recover from these incidents over time. However, a small number may experience an ongoing problem which may affect their ability to function in social situations at work, or in other important roles.

    One out of ten people experience Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder or commonly referred to as PTSD, at some stage in their lives. Being involved in or witnessing a traumatic or life-threatening event is one of the leading causes of post-traumatic stress disorder. Historically, post-traumatic stress disorder is a trauma-related disorder that has been diagnosed in combat veterans but also occurs after many other types of distressing events.

    Tricyclics And Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors

    PTSD: How To Overcome Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Triggers

    The RCTs of tricyclic antidepressants and monoamine oxidase inhibitors are older than those of SSRIs and their quality is inferior. It isdisappointing that more trials have not been carried out, particularly giventhe encouraging results of those that have been published. None of thetrials used a clinician-rated outcome measure and therefore the results ofthe Impact of Event Scale, a self-report measure, are given.

    Amitriptyline

    The one study that considered the efficacy ofamitriptyline was positive but with very large confidence intervals,meaning that its true effect could be anything between low and very large.

    Imipramine

    The evidence for imipramine is weaker than that foramitriptyline and the effect does not achieve statistical significance,although the wide confidence intervals mean that its true effect could bea positive one .

    Phenelzine

    Phenelzine is the only available MAOI with an evidence base for thetreatment of PTSD and, like amitriptyline, although thetrue magnitude of its effect is not known it appears to be efficacious.

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    Eye Movement Desensitization And Reprocessing

    With EMDR, you might not have to tell your therapist about your experience. Instead, you concentrate on it while you watch or listen to something they’re doing — maybe moving a hand, flashing a light, or making a sound.

    The goal is to be able to think about something positive while you remember your trauma. It takes about 3 months of weekly sessions.

    Impact Of Ptsd On Relationships And Day

    PTSD can affect a persons ability to work, perform day-to-day activities or relate to their family and friends. A person with PTSD can often seem disinterested or distant as they try not to think or feel in order to block out painful memories. They may stop them from participating in family life or ignore offers of help. This can lead to loved ones feeling shut out.

    It is important to remember that these behaviours are part of the problem. People with PTSD need the support of family and friends, but may not think that they need help.

    It is not unusual for people with PTSD to experience other mental health problems at the same time. In fact, up to 80 per cent of people who have long-standing PTSD develop additional problems – most commonly depression, anxiety, and alcohol;or othersubstance misuse. These may have developed directly in response to the traumatic event or have developed sometime after the onset of PTSD.

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    Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors

    Paroxetine

    There have been three main well-designed double-blind RCTs of paroxetine.Two of these have been published , the other has not but the results are within the public domain . Paroxetine shows a statisticallysignificant positive effect over placebo . Thetight CIs suggest that this is likely to be an accurate estimate of itsefficacy, but the critical question is how clinically significant thiseffect is: enough for it to be granted a licence for PTSD by the UKauthorities but not enough for it to be recommended in the NICEguidelines as a first-line treatment! TheGuideline Development Group set a priori limits on whatthey would consider clinically meaningful, and as a result gave only alimited recommendation to paroxetine as a second-line treatment. This,along with the widely publicised other potential problems associated withparoxetine , shouldresult in its cautious use for PTSD.

    Sertraline

    Fluoxetine

    Fewer individuals have participated in fluoxetine trials than in trialsfor the other two SSRIs, and only one trial used astandardised clinician assessment of the severity of PTSD symptoms as aprimary outcome measure. The results are less convincing than those forparoxetine and do not reach statistical significance , butthis may be explained by insufficient numbers to show a real but modesteffect.

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