What Types Of Stress Can Cause Pregnancy Problems
Stress is not all bad. When you handle it right, a little stress can help you take on new challenges. Regular stress during pregnancy, such as work deadlines, probably dont add to pregnancy problems.
However, serious types of stress during pregnancy may increase your chances of certain problems, like premature birth. Most women who have serious stress during pregnancy can have healthy babies. But talk to your health care provider if you have these types of stress:
Too Much Stress For The Mother Affects The Baby Through Amniotic Fluid
- University of Zurich
- If the mother is stressed over a longer period of time during pregnancy, the concentration of stress hormones in amniotic fluid rises, as proven by an interdisciplinary team of researchers. Short-term stress situations, however, do not seem to have an unfavorable effect on the development of the fetus.
If the mother is stressed over a longer period of time during pregnancy, the concentration of stress hormones in amniotic fluid rises, as proven by an interdisciplinary team of researchers from the University of Zurich. Short-term stress situations, however, do not seem to have an unfavorable effect on the development of the fetus.
The feeling of constantly being on edge, always having to take care of everything, not being able to find a balance: If an expectant mother is strongly stressed over a longer period of time, the risk of the unborn child developing a mental or physical illness later in life — such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or cardiovascular disease — increases. The precise mechanism of how stress affects the baby in the womb is not yet been completely clarified. In cooperation with the University Hospital Zurich and the Max Planck Institute Munich, researchers of the University of Zurich have discovered that physical stress to the mother can change the metabolism in the placenta and influence the growth of the unborn child.
Stress hormone affects the growth of the fetus
Short-term stress — no effect
Reducing Stress While You Are Pregnant
Its important to look after your mental wellbeing during pregnancy, just as its important to look after your physical health. When you are feeling well, content and happy, you are better able to manage stress. When your stress is managed, it is not likely to have any serious effects on you or your baby.
To reduce stress, you could try the following:
- Pay attention to the triggers that make you stressed and notice what happens when you feel stressed.
- Try to slow down, rest and dont put too much pressure on yourself.
- Eat a healthy, well-balanced diet to help keep you and your baby healthy.
- Talk to someone you trust about your concerns and how youre feeling.
Physical activity and relaxation can also help to reduce stress:
- Take part in regular exercise, suitable for pregnancy.
- Do yoga, meditation, breathing, or relaxation through classes, or using apps, videos or podcasts.
- Engage in a favourite distraction activity such as reading, watching TV or a hobby.
- Spend time with people who make you feel calm.
You dont need to cope on your own. Try to ask for help when you need it and accept peoples offers to help you.
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What If I’ve Experienced Bleeding
Surprisingly, too, some women may be pregnant despite having what they believe to be a period. This could be due to implantation of the embryo, or a sign of low hormone levels.
“Implantation bleeding usually occurs earlier than a missed period would, as it’s when the embryo implants. However, for some women who have an irregular cycle, it may come later,” explains Halliday. “But it’s usually a much smaller amount and can be pinkish in colour rather than red.
“Also, some women have what’s known as a low HCG pregnancy where the hormone levels aren’t as high as usual these women may continue to experience periods throughout their pregnancy – although this is very rare.”
It’s very important to be aware of the risk of ectopic pregnancy – a pregnancy which develops outside the womb – if there is any chance you might be pregnant. Symptoms include low tummy pain and vaginal bleeding, and sometimes diarrhoea, feeling faint and shoulder-tip pain. It’s important always to seek medical help if there is any chance you may have an ectopic pregnancy.
Maternal Anxiety Symptoms: Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire Body Sensations Questionnaire And The Mobility Inventory
Core symptoms of anxiety disorders at the 1st assessment and the 5-year follow-up were assessed with the German version of the Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire , the Body Sensations Questionnaire and the Mobility Inventory . The three questionnaires combine cognitions, physical symptoms and avoidance behavior, all core symptoms of anxiety disorders. The ACQ consists of 14 questions about the frequency of typical anxiety cognitions with scales ranging from 1 to 5 . The BSQ consists of 17 items and measures the extent of fear of anxiety related physical symptoms from 1 to 5 . The MI consists of 27 items describing predominant agoraphobic situations and the avoidance of these situations. Moreover, it also indicates the severity of the anxious symptomatology. The MI is subdivided into the Mobility Inventory Alone and the Mobility Inventory Backened . In our sample, internal consistency ranged from Cronbachs = 0.88 to 0.95 MIA = 0.95 at 1st assessment and 0.94 at 5-year follow-up BSQ = 0.92 at both assessments. Thus, the internal consistency was comparable to the ones reported by the authors and can be evaluated as good to excellent.
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Taking Care Of Your Mental Health During Pregnancy
Pregnancy brings a mix of feelings, and not all of them are good. If you’re feeling worried, you’re not alone. Worry is common, especially during a woman’s first pregnancy or an unplanned one. It can be even harder if you’re dealing with depression or anxiety.
If you’re feeling worried, sad, or nervous, talk to someone about it and know when to reach out for help.
Effects Of Stress During Pregnancy
While some stress is normal and healthy, too much stress or unchecked stress can affect your health, your pregnancy and even your baby.
For instance, if you have high levels of stress, you may turn to unhealthy coping mechanisms, like drinking alcohol, smoking, drugs or unhealthy eating.
Too much stress can also lead to anxiety and/or depression mental health conditions that could impact your pregnancy and your general well-being.
High levels of stress can also exacerbate any chronic conditions you have, as well as make you more susceptible to illnesses. And if your stress levels remain high for a long time say throughout your pregnancy and beyond it could possibly lead to high blood pressure and heart disease.
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How Do You Calculate Your Due Date
One simple and common method for calculating your delivery date is as follows:
- Mark down the date when your last period started.
- Add seven days.
- Count back three months.
- Add a whole year.
For example, if the first day of your last period was April 9, 2019, adding seven days will make the date April 16, 2019. Counting back three months results in the date of January 16. Finally, adding a year yields an estimated delivery date of January 16, 2020.
The above strategy is based on the assumption that conception occurred 14 days after the start of your last menstrual period. Also, it’s important to remember that no matter what “pen and paper” calculations you use to estimate your delivery date, these methods are just that estimates. Most babies are born between 38 and 42 weeks and only a small percentage of women actually deliver on their estimated due date.
Your doctor can use other methods to provide you with your delivery date, such as conducting an ultrasound examination in the first trimester. A physical exam also can be done.
Can Your Stress Affect Your Fetus
As it turns out, constant pressure may put your baby at risk.
Bringing a new person into the world is no easy task. You worry about everything. Are the foods you eat healthy enough? Is it safe to exercise? How will you juggle work and parenthood once baby arrives?
Some stress during pregnancy is normal, just as it is during other times of life. But if stress becomes constant, the effects on you and your baby could be lasting.
When youre stressed, your body goes into “fight or flight” mode, sending out a burst of cortisol and other stress hormones. These are the same hormones that surge when you are in danger. They prepare you to run by sending a blast of fuel to your muscles and making your heart pump faster.
If you can deal with your stress and move on, your stress response will recede and your body will go back into balance. But “the kind of stress thats really damaging is the kind that doesnt let up,” says Susan Andrews, PhD, a clinical neuropsychologist and author of the book Stress Solutions for Pregnant Moms: How Breaking Free From Stress Can Boost Your Babys Potential. In fact, constant stress could alter your bodys stress management system, causing it to overreact and trigger an inflammatory response.
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The Influence Of Maternal Stress During Pregnancy On Infant And Child Development
A growing body of research indicates that maternal stress during pregnancy exerts strong influence on the development of the unborn . Recent studies underline the long-term influence on a variety of developmental domains in the offspring, such as metabolic functioning, cognitive and emotional development . To date, however, the mechanisms through which prenatal maternal stress may affect the unborn are not yet entirely clarified . Among others, prenatal environmental influences, known as fetal programming , genetic factors as well as postpartum environmental factors are discussed.
To date, prenatal maternal stress is defined very broadly, including psychological distress such as anxiety or depressive symptoms and life events, e.g., trauma, loss, or natural disasters. In this study we focused on emotional stress during pregnancy. This was assessed retrospectively with a questionnaire in the early postpartum period, including items regarding maternal experience of anxiety, sadness, joy, stress, and general tension .
A growing body of studies find significant links between prenatal stress and/or anxiety and child development up to adolescence Furthermore, maternal anxiety disorders are discussed to increase the offsprings risk for the development of anxiety disorders . However, caution is required in the assumption of causality as all studies are of observational character.
How To Deal With A Pregnancy Scare
What happens if you miss a pill, your condom breaks, or you have unprotected sex?
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A pregnancy scare can be beyond stressful. Whether your period is super late or you’re not sure if your emergency contraception is working, waiting to find out if you’re pregnant or not can be so, so scary. But the most important thing is that while there are various resources out there to help you, you’re in control of your body and any decision concerning it is yours to make.
A 2011 survey by the National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy, now called Power to Decide, reported that 54 percent of young women reported that they’ve had a pregnancy scare. And according to 2015 study published on the U.S. National Library of Medicine, more than 40 percent of women who reported a pregnancy scare went on to experience an unintended pregnancy.
Seventeen partnered with SexSmarts and the Kaiser Family Foundation to provide information and resources on a range of sex health issues. Whether you’re just worried about a late period or coping with an unintended pregnancy, keep reading to learn everything you need to know about dealing with a pregnancy scare.
What are the symptoms of pregnancy?
How do pregnancy tests work?
Where can I get a pregnancy test?
What if the results are positive?
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How Serious Is An Ectopic Pregnancy
An ectopic pregnancy is a medical emergency. The uterus is uniquely suited to hold a growing fetus. Its an organ that can stretch and expand as the fetus grows. Your fallopian tubes arent as flexible. They can burst as the fertilized egg develops. When this happens, you can experience large amounts of internal bleeding. This is life threatening. An ectopic pregnancy needs to be treated right away to avoid injury to the fallopian tube, other organs in the abdominal cavity, internal bleeding and death.
Stress Lifestyle Factors And Infertility
Stress can push people toward unhealthy behaviors that have been proven to impact fertility. For example, when you’re stressed out, you may:
- Sleep too much or sleep too little
- Have a harder time sticking to healthy eating habits
- Skip your regular exercise or push yourself to exercise too much
- Drink too many alcoholic drinks
- Drink too much caffeine, especially if you’re sleep-deprived
- Lose interest in having sex
All of these are habits that can affect your ability to conceive, so it’s worth exploring each of them.
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How Late Can A Period Be Before You Should Worry
It is not unusual for women to have late period once in a while. However, if it becomes persistent and irregular then it may be a bad sign. Normal menstrual cycle occurs between 21 to 35 days. If youve not seen your period a week after missing your period, then you should inform your doctor or run a home pregnancy test.
Also, if youve taken any pill or morning after pill, you can have a skipped period. If you still dont feel signs of pregnancy, then maybe youre not. However, it is always a good idea to always test for pregnancy.
How Do Multiple Pregnancies Happen
There are two main ways that a multiple pregnancy can happen:
- One fertilized egg splits before it implants in the uterine lining.
- Two or more separate eggs are fertilized by different sperm at the same time.
These two different types of multiple pregnancy result in either identical or fraternal siblings. The difference between identical and fraternal babies goes back to how the multiple pregnancy happens.
Identical twins or triplets happen when a single egg is fertilized and then later splits. These newly divided embryos are identical. Children that are identical multiples will look like each other and be the same sex.
Fraternal multiples develop from separate eggs that are fertilized by a different sperm. Because these are different eggs and different sperm, the genetic material is varied. These children wont look identical and can be different sexes from each other.
In a pregnancy with triplets or more, your babies could be all identical, all fraternal or a mixture of both. This can happen if your body releases multiple eggs and more than one is fertilized. In a case where you have both identical and fraternal multiples, more than one egg was fertilized and then at least one of those eggs also split after fertilization.
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Lasting Symptoms With A Negative Test
So, you’re feeling pregnant, and maybe you have even missed your period. But your over-the-counter pregnancy test is still negative. Are you or are you not pregnant?
The answer is it depends. Feeling pregnant doesnt mean you are, but a negative pregnancy test can be wrong. A recent study by researchers at Washington University School of Medicine revealed that up to 5% of pregnancy tests return results indicating a person is not pregnant when, in reality, they are.
There are a few reasons you receive a false-negative test result. You may have tested too early, so the pregnancy hormones aren’t high enough to be detected by the test.
- There isnt enough pregnancy hormone hCG in your urine yet.
- The test has malfunctioned.
- Youre not pregnant.
- You are pregnant, but something is wrong.
There are other rare reasons you may get a negative test but actually may be pregnant.
Depression In Pregnant Women And Mothers: How It Affects You And Your Child
Depression is an illness that affects the way people think, act and feel. About 6% of women will experience depression at some point in their lives. This number increases to about 10% for women who are pregnant.
Women are more at risk of depression while they are pregnant, and during the weeks and months after having a baby. During pregnancy, hormone changes can affect brain chemicals and cause depression and anxiety. Sometimes, pregnant women dont realize they are depressed. They may think they have symptoms of pregnancy or the baby blues, which many women experience right after birth.
Its also important to know that as many as 10% of fathers experience postpartum depression after the birth of a child.
The good news is that depression can be treated. Read the signs listed below, and talk to your doctor if you have any of them. Let your partner and family members know the signs so that they can also be aware.
If you dont get help, depression can cause problems for you and your baby.
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