How Do Stress Depression And Anxiety Affect Us
According to studies, stress, depression and anxiety directly change how we perceive life. They affect our brain and the way we relate to others. They also change our self-esteem, and the enthusiasm and excitement we have when were doing an activity or at work.
Among other problems, stress, depression and anxiety can also affect our immune system. And of course, they attack our prefrontal cortex. Thats where we do our most advanced thinking, where we imagine the future, assess strategies to solve problems and make decisions. Also, that area is related to the limbic system, our emotional brain.
How Is Dysthymia Diagnosed
Depression often happens with other conditions, such as heart disease, or cancer. It may also happen with substance abuse or anxiety disorders. Often, people with dysthymia grow accustomed to the mild depressive symptoms and do not seek help. But, early diagnosis and treatment is key to recovery.
A diagnosis may be made after a careful psychiatric exam and medical history done by a mental health professional.
Where To Find Help
here to help now
You are not alone. Help may be one phone call or text away. If you feel suicidal, alone, or overwhelmed, call 911 or contact one of these 24-hour hotlines:
- US Veterans Crisis Line: Call 1-800-273-8255 and Press 1, or text 838255
- Crisis Text Line: Text CONNECT to 741741
If you believe you have either PTSD or depression, make an appointment to see a healthcare provider. They can recommend or refer you to a mental health specialist for evaluation and treatment.
If youre a veteran and need help, call the Veteran Center Call Center hotline at 1-877-927-8387. At this number, youll get to talk with another combat veteran. Family members can also speak to other family members of vets with PTSD and depression.
find a counselor in your area
If you dont have a doctor or mental health specialist you see regularly in your area, call your local hospitals patient outreach office.
They can help you find a doctor or provider near you that treats the conditions youre seeking to cover.
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Characteristics Of Stress And Depression:
Nature of Symptoms:
Stress: Stress would show through physical, emotional and behavioral symptoms.
Depression: Depression would show only through mental symptoms.
Stress: You may experience sleeplessness, headache, palpitation of the heart, chest pain, stomach upset and the like.
Depression: You may experience dangerous symptoms in the case of depression. These symptoms include abuse of alcohol or drugs and suicidal thoughts.
Stress: Stress arises from certain factors related to our reactions to daily life such as the pressure of work in the workplace, problems in the household and such other matters.
Depression: Depression is predominantly a result of lack of confidence, pessimism, and such other negative factors.
Moving From Maladaptive Anger To Adaptive Emotions
Emotionally focused therapy involves transforming your maladaptive emotions by addressing their root cause. One way to do this is by verbalizing your critical inner voice. For example, in the case of gaining weight, the critical inner voice might sound something like this.
“Look at how much weight you’ve gained. You have no self-control and you’ll never be able to lose it now. You might as well accept that it’s hopeless and you’ll be overweight forever. Nothing you try ever works and you just don’t have any willpower.”
Thus, the idea is to put the critical inner voice into words as though they are being spoken by someone outside of your head. This involves expressing feelings behind thoughts and making sure to use “you” statements so it sounds as though the critical inner voice is coming from someone else. This allows you to separate yourself from those thoughts and see them as coming from outside of yourself.
Once you are able to step outside of your thoughts and view them as an external critical voice, the next step is to develop insights into where that critical voice might have developed. This is the process of transforming the maladaptive emotion.
The next step involves responding to the critical inner voice and answering back against the criticisms. In this way, you are essentially “taking your own side.”
For example, in the case of the critical inner voice that talks about your weight gain, you might respond to that voice in the following ways.
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But My Stress Makes Me Successful
Life brings stresses that sometimes motivates us. If you are stressed about an exam, or about having to speak on a stage, these are normal kinds of stress that can help you grow as a person and try out new skills and ways of being.
And even bigger stress can sometimes be for the best. If you hate change, but find yourself needing to move house or country, it might be a hard experience but in the long run lead to a life upgrade.
But dont think your stress is good just because its making your money, or because everyone else at work is stressed, or because you think it makes you seem important. Stress can and does kill, whether through heart attacks or by suicide bought on by stress morphing into depression.
Not sure if your stress is helping or hindering? The secret is to really pay attention to your moods and the thoughts in your head.
- Has your stress given you occasional low moods, are are you feeling low more often than not?
- How long have you been feeling low? Is it two weeks or more?
- Do you feel anxious most of the time? Or is some of your day manageable?
- Can you still come home from the stressful situation and relax?
- Are your thoughts increasingly negative? Do you have thoughts of being hopeless and worthless?
A Case Study Of Stress Leading To Depression
Lets look at an example of how stress can careen into full-blown depression. Say someone, well call her Janet, is so stressed by her job promotion she starts putting in extra hours to prove she can handle it. This makes her tired, and she start being snappy with loved ones, feels disconnected from her friends who are able to go out and have fun while she is too stressed, and feels she has no time now to exercise but instead starts overeating as a way to numb her stress.
Her energy levels lower because of her poor self-care. Shes sleeping less as she is worried she isnt doing well in her new position. She has nobody to confide in as shes pushed away her support system . Instead of talking to her manager and explaining she is feeling overwhelmed or hiring a coach to help her, she pushes herself even harder. Low level anxiety begins.
So stress has rolled into a body image issue, low self-esteem, and feeling unloved and lonely. In other words, stress has led to anxiety which has led straight to depression.
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Suggestions For Your Visit
There are things you can do to get the best out of your visit to a health professional:
- If you are making an appointment with a doctor or nurse, ask if you can have extra time to talk because the usual 15 minutes may not be enough.
- Ask a friend or whnau member to come with you as a support person and to give their perspective if you want them to.
- Write down the anxiety and/or depression signs you have been experiencing.
- Write down the things youve tried that have helped and not helped.
- If your current treatment is not working, ask for alternatives.
Remember, if youre not satisfied with your health professional, you can change to another one. Its really important to like and trust the professionals you talk to.
“My cousin, he gave me that kick, gave me that shove that I needed to talk to a professional person. I went and talked to a counsellor, and that was my turning point.Paul
Immune System In Depression
Increasing studies suggest that psychological stress has an important effect on the immune system , while researches showing that components of immune system such as interleukin-1 , IL-6, soluble IL-2 receptors and tumor necrosis factor-alpha were elevated in depressive patients indicate that the immune system is closely associated with depression. Peripheral inducers of immune cytokines may generate symptoms of depression and in the brain, these inducers may decrease monoamine levels that most current antidepressants aim to increase.
As an important regulator of brain-body interaction, immune mediators such as cytokines affect diverse central nervous system functions involved in depression such as cognition, sleep and reward .
Although IL-1 plays a necessary and sufficient role in the cytostatic effect of stress on hippocampal progenitor cells, IL-6 may also conduce to the inhibition of proliferation . This may be consistent with the hypothesis that hippocampal neurogenesis is necessary for the treatment of depression . Furthermore, mice with IL-6 gene deleted manifested resistance to the development of depressive symptoms induced by stress , which could be adopted as a tool to study the mechanism underlying the pathology of depression and to screen potential antidepressant drugs.
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Te Taha Wairua Reconnect With Your Purpose
Everyone needs meaning and purpose in life, to connect with their wairua or their spiritual source:
- Do things that make you feel connected such as meditation, enjoying the sunset or listening to music.
- Open yourself to inspirational readings, stories or videos.
- Spend time in your trangawaewae or the place you belong and feel safe in.
- Talk to a spiritual adviser, such as a priest or a tohunga.
“The whnau better understood what was happening for me than I knew myself, and they guided me through a process of kaupapa Mori healing. Mostly, reconnecting me with my whenua, my moana, my maunga and my marae, and guiding me through tikanga and matters of wairuatanga.Tania
Mindfulness Meditation Or Yoga
If you enjoy deep breathing, you might also enjoy practicing mindfulness meditation or yoga to help you manage your anger related to depression. Given that depression means you are probably lacking motivation, this might not be the right fit until your depression is being treated .
However, if you’re feeling motivated enough to try, the act of doing yoga itself may help to reduce your stress and improve your mood. Overall, we know that exercise releases endorphin which leads to reductions in depression.
If you are interested in trying out mindfulness meditation, then you will want to find a meditation that focuses on anger, depression, or the combination of both feelings and emotions. Good meditations will lead you into a deep state of relaxation, help you to release your emotions, and then bring you back to present awareness.
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The Differences Between The Two Disorders
The best way to understand the difference between the two disorders is with the primary symptoms, starting with the mental symptoms.
- Apprehension over whats about to happen and what could happen in the future.
- Worried thoughts, or a belief that something could go wrong.
- Feeling like you need to run away or avoid things that could cause further anxiety.
- Feeling of sadness about the future, as though its hopeless.
- Listlessness, and a lack of belief that positive things will occur.
- Little worry, but instead a certainty of future negative emotions. Possible suicidal thoughts.
Those with anxiety often find themselves feeling like something bad might happen and theyre worried it will. Those with depression often assume a bad future and dont expect anything else or think theres anything worth preventing.
Depression can occur after someone experiences anxiety, because someone that deals with severe anxiety may end up feeling drained and hopeless once their anxiety or anxiety attack is over. Thats why the two conditions can be difficult to tell apart. Similarly, those with depression can still fear certain things getting worse, despite already being of the belief that the future is less positive or bright.
- Severe lack of energy or drive.
- Flat affect along with slowed thinking and behaviors.
- Severe appetite changes, headaches, and sleep problems.
What Is The Difference Between Stress And Depression
Whether its a traffic jam on the way to work, an important job interview, or the death of a loved one, everyone experiences varying degrees of stress from time to time. In small doses, stress can be beneficial. It can motivate you to reach your goals and help you accomplish tasks more efficiently. Stress is key for human survival, but too much stress can be detrimental to your health.
Whether its a traffic jam on the way to work, an important job interview, or the death of a loved one, everyone experiences varying degrees of stress from time to time. In small doses, stress can be beneficial. It can motivate you to reach your goals and help you accomplish tasks more efficiently. Stress is key for human survival, but too much stress can be detrimental to your health. When you feel stressed for weeks or months on end, stress can make it difficult to concentrate, disrupt your sleep, and make you feel like you cant overcome challenges in your life. At times, you may feel burned out, or perhaps even depressed. While stress and depression share some similarities, depression is a more serious and long-lasting condition that requires a different kind of treatment.
Common signs of stress
Inability to concentrate or complete tasks
Trouble falling asleep or staying awake
What is the difference between stress and depression?
How to deal with stress and depression
Depression treatment at Alvarado Parkway Institute
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Supporting Someone With Anxiety Or Depression
There are ways that you can help someone with anxiety or depression. It may be helpful to:
- let them know if youve noticed a change in their behaviour
- spend time talking about their experiences and let them know youre there to listen without being judgmental
- help them to get information from a website, library or community health centre
- suggest they go to a doctor or health professional, and help them to make an appointment
- offer to go with them to their appointment and follow up with them afterwards
- encourage them to get enough sleep, to exercise and to eat well
- encourage family and friends to invite them out and keep in touch, but dont pressure them to participate in activities
- contact a doctor or hospital if they become a threat to themselves or others.
It is unhelpful to:
- put pressure on them by telling them to snap out of it or get their act together
- stay away or avoid them
- tell them they just need to stay busy or get out more
- pressure them to party more or wipe out how theyre feeling with drugs and alcohol
- assume the problem will just go away.
If you or someone you know needs support, talk to a doctor or other health professional about getting appropriate treatment.
Don’t Suffer In Silence
Get support, whether from family, friends, your academic advisor, campus counseling center, or a trusted online community. A heart-to-heart talk with someone you trust can help you get rid of toxic feelings and may even give you a fresh perspective.
If these steps don’t bring relief, or if you are still unable to cope and feel as if the stress is affecting how you function every day, it could be something more acute and chronic–like depression. Don’t let it go unchecked!
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What Are The Symptoms Of Melancholic Depression
The symptoms of melancholia are like the symptoms of depression but they are severe. The distinctive features that differentiate melancholic depression from non-melancholic depression include
- Feeling profound despair or emptiness
- Experiencing depression becoming worse in the morning
- Waking up two hours earlier than usual in the morning
- Moving more slowly than normal or moving faster and/or more irregularly
- Having excessive or unreasonable feelings of guilt
Complementary And Alternative Treatments
Complementary and alternative treatments have developed outside the mainstream of modern western medicine or psychology and some people find them helpful. Most of them, such as homeopathy and many herbal remedies do not have a scientific evidence base. There is some evidence that acupuncture reduces anxiety and that St Johns wort is effective for depression. If you plan to try a complementary or alternative treatment, you might want to talk to your pharmacist, doctor or nurse first.
“Acupuncture really helped me recover from depression and anxiety. I felt better after the first treatment but after several treatments over three weeks I had gone from being severely depressed back to my baseline happiness.Anonymous
Tohunga and other Mori healers provide rongo Mori healing that offers:
- Mirimiri .
- Rkau rongo .
- Whitiwhiti krero .
“I had to first connect with the wairua, through karakia, waiata, and also regular visits to the awa. The main thing I had to do was krero, talk and unload.Jamie
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Professionals Who Can Support Me
It can be tough dealing with the way you feel, so its a good idea to call in someone to help. There are different kinds of mental health professionals. Each kind takes a different approach. Youll want to think about which one feels right for you.
Dont be afraid to ask for help. If you are suffering a lot, unable to do the things you need to in life or have thoughts of wanting to die you need extra support from people trained to help with depression and anxiety.