Thursday, March 23, 2023

What Are The Symptoms Of Post Traumatic Stress Syndrome

What Is The Prognosis For Ptsd

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Overview – PTSD Symptoms

A number of factors improve the prognosis for people with PTSD. They include personal attributes like above-average cognitive abilities, high self-esteem and optimism, interpersonal abilities like good social skills, problem solving, and impulse control, and external factors like secure attachment, sense of safety, and environmental stability.

The Final Six Symptoms Of Cptsd

Lets take a closer look at the symptoms listed above.

Feeling Different from Other People

Due to the causes of CPTSD, many who are living under its influence feel uncomfortable around other people. It may feel strange or distressing to be with others and one of the reasons is because the survivor feels they are different than other people somehow.

This description isnt to say that survivors feel they are special than other people, but rather that they feel they dont fit into any crowd. The loneliness that these feelings of detachment from other people bring is palpable.

One reason survivors feel out of place is they often feel they are damaged somehow and are unlikeable and weird.

Only after working hard with a therapist do people living with complex post-traumatic stress disorder begin to understand, at least on the surface, that they are not damaged goods.

Feeling Ashamed

Often those who live with the diagnosis of CPTSD feel intense shame about their bodies and their appearance. Some even feel they are stupid or crazy. However, none of these beliefs are true.

Survivors are victims of severe and repeated trauma, not monsters who came from nowhere. Their bodies were used or damaged by people who didnt care about their well-being and the helpless they felt then often translates into shame now.

Feeling Guilty

Difficulty Maintaining Relationships

Seeking Out or Becoming a Rescuer

Feeling Constantly Afraid

Rape Or Sexual Trauma

The trauma of being raped or sexually assaulted can be shattering, leaving you feeling scared, ashamed, and alone, or plagued by nightmares, flashbacks, and other unpleasant memories. But no matter how bad you feel right now, its important to remember that you werent to blame for what happened, and you can regain your sense of safety, trust, and self-worth.

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How Is Ptsd Diagnosed

A psychiatrist will diagnose PTSD through a mental health assessment. Your GP should carry out an initial assessment to decide what care you need. Your assessment should include information about:

  • your physical needs,
  • your social needs, and
  • risk.

As part of the assessment they will decide if you need to be referred to the community mental health team . You should be referred to the CMHT if you have had symptoms for more than 4 weeks. Or your symptoms are very bad. A CMHT is part of the NHS. They are a team of mental health professionals.

Doctors use the following manuals to help to diagnose you:

  • International Classification of Diseases produced by the World Health Organisation , and
  • Diagnostic and Statistical Manual produced by the American Psychiatric Association.

The manuals are guides which explain different mental health conditions.

Information For Carers Friends And Relatives

Stellate Ganglion Block for PTSD.

If you are a carer, friend or relative of someone who hears voices, you can get support.

How can I get support?

You can do the following.

  • Speak to your GP about medication and talking therapies for yourself.
  • Speak to your relatives care team about a carers assessment.
  • Ask for a carers assessment from your local social services.
  • Join a carers service. They are free and available in most areas.
  • Join a carers support group for emotional and practical support. Or set up your own.

What is a carers assessment?

A carers assessment is an assessment of the support that you need so that you can continue in your caring role.

To get a carers assessment you need to contact your local authority.

How do I get support from my peers?

You can get peer support through carer support services or carers groups. You can search for local groups in your area by using a search engine such as Google. Or you can contact the Rethink Mental Illness Advice Service and we will search for you.

How can I support the person I care for?

You can do the following.

  • Read information about PTSD.
  • Ask the person you support to tell you what their symptoms are and if they have any self-management techniques that you could help them with.
  • Encourage them to see a GP if you are worried about their mental health.
  • Ask to see a copy of their care plan, if they have one. They should have a care plan if they are supported by a care coordinator.
  • Help them to manage their finances.

You can find out more about:

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Tip : Support Ptsd Treatment With A Healthy Lifestyle

The symptoms of PTSD can be hard on your body so its important to take care of yourself and develop some healthy lifestyle habits.

Take time to relax. Relaxation techniques such as meditation, deep breathing, massage, or yoga can activate the bodys relaxation response and ease symptoms of PTSD.

Avoid alcohol and drugs. When youre struggling with difficult emotions and traumatic memories, you may be tempted to self-medicate with alcohol or drugs. But substance use worsens many symptoms of PTSD, interferes with treatment, and can add to problems in your relationships.

Eata healthy diet. Start your day right with breakfast, and keep your energy up and your mind clear with balanced, nutritious meals throughout the day. Omega-3s play a vital role in emotional health so incorporate foods such as fatty fish, flaxseed, and walnuts into your diet. Limit processed food, fried food, refined starches, and sugars, which can exacerbate mood swings and cause fluctuations in your energy.

Get enough sleep. Sleep deprivation can trigger anger, irritability, and moodiness. Aim for somewhere between 7 to 9 hours of sleep each night. Develop a relaxing bedtime ritual and make your bedroom as quiet, dark, and soothing as possible.

Impact Of Event Scale Revised

The IES-R is a self-report measuring instrument that assesses the response to a traumatic event, i.e. post-traumatic stress disorder . The first version comprised 15 items. The revised version comprises 22 items that measure 14 of the 17 symptoms of PTSD according to the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders . The IES-R is the tool that the committee of experts recommends to evaluate PTSD in population-based surveys . The instruments authors recommend using the average score but there are, nonetheless, thresholds recommended in the literature to screen PTSD. The thresholds can range from 22 to 44 . Consequently, special attention must be paid when the results are compared and interpreted. This instrument is, nevertheless, one of the best ones to screen PTSD. However, as is true of the majority of the other instruments recommended in this toolkit, the IES-R cannot be used to make a diagnosis.

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How The Symptoms Of Complex Post

While there are many approaches to treating CPTSD, there are a few types of psychotherapy utilized the most.

Talk Therapy. When people visualize talk therapy, they usually conjure thoughts of a therapist sitting in a chair beside their client who is reclining on a couch beside them.

While lying down and speaking to a therapist is not disallowed, it usually isnt what happens. Instead, the therapist and client typically sit facing one another at a comfortable distance.

During talk therapy, you will talk with your therapist about a variety of topics including those which trouble you the most.

Your therapist will not give you advice, nor will they give you the answers to your problems.

After all, they are not living in your mind nor are they living your life. Only you understand what you want out of life, and only you can find your answers.

Instead, what a therapist does is guide you, envision if you will a seeing-eye dog. They will warn you the traffic is coming, but ultimately it is you who decides to cross the street or not.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy . This form of treatment involves the therapist attempting to help their client identify and change inaccurate thinking patterns which can lead to behaviors that are harmful or ineffective.

Your therapist will help you focus on the current problems in your life which were caused by adverse childhood experiences and how to resolve them today. CBT involves practicing new skills so you can function well in the world.

Risk Factors For Developing Post Traumatic Syndrome

Symptoms of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

People of all ages can have post-traumatic stress disorder. However, some factors may make you more likely to develop PTSD after a traumatic event, such as:

  • Experiencing intense or long-lasting trauma
  • Having experienced other trauma earlier in life, such as childhood abuse
  • Having a job that increases your risk of being exposed to traumatic events, such as military personnel and first responders
  • Having other mental health problems, such as anxiety or depression
  • Having problems with substance misuse, such as excess drinking or drug use
  • Lacking a good support system of family and friends
  • Having blood relatives with mental health problems, including anxiety or depression

Kinds of traumatic events

The most common events leading to the development of PTSD include:

  • Combat exposure
  • Being threatened with a weapon
  • An accident

Many other traumatic events also can lead to PTSD, such as fire, natural disaster, mugging, robbery, plane crash, torture, kidnapping, life-threatening medical diagnosis, terrorist attack, and other extreme or life-threatening events.

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Are Some Women More Likely To Develop Ptsd

Yes, although most women who go through trauma wonât get PTSD. But you may be more likely to develop PTSD if you:

  • Were directly exposed to the trauma as a victim or a witness. As many as half of women who are raped develop PTSD.
  • Were seriously hurt during the traumatic event
  • Went through a trauma that lasted a long time or was very severe
  • Have another mental health condition like depression or anxiety
  • Drink a lot of alcohol
  • Donât have a good support network
  • Experienced trauma during childhood

Post Traumatic Stress Syndrome Causes

Post traumatic stress syndrome is a mental health condition thats triggered by a terrifying event either experiencing it or witnessing it. You can develop post-traumatic stress disorder when you go through, see or learn about an event involving actual or threatened death, serious injury or sexual violation.

Doctors arent sure why some people get PTSD. As with most mental health problems, PTSD is probably caused by a complex mix of:

  • Stressful experiences, including the amount and severity of trauma youve gone through in your life
  • Inherited mental health risks, such as a family history of anxiety and depression
  • Inherited features of your personality often called your temperament
  • The way your brain regulates the chemicals and hormones your body releases in response to stress

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Impact Of Ptsd On Relationships And Day

PTSD can affect a persons ability to work, perform day-to-day activities or relate to their family and friends. A person with PTSD can often seem disinterested or distant as they try not to think or feel in order to block out painful memories. They may stop them from participating in family life or ignore offers of help. This can lead to loved ones feeling shut out.

It is important to remember that these behaviours are part of the problem. People with PTSD need the support of family and friends, but may not think that they need help.

It is not unusual for people with PTSD to experience other mental health problems at the same time. In fact, up to 80 per cent of people who have long-standing PTSD develop additional problems – most commonly depression, anxiety, and alcohol or othersubstance misuse. These may have developed directly in response to the traumatic event or have developed sometime after the onset of PTSD.

What Are The Symptoms Of C

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

C-PTSD symptoms are the same as those of PTSD plus 3 extra groups of symptoms:

  • Emotional dysregulation this means it is hard to manage or control your feelings, so they can quickly become quite strong and overwhelming.
  • Negative self-cognitions this means you think of yourself in negative ways, such as feeling permanently damaged or worthless.
  • Interpersonal hardship this means that your symptoms are affecting how you get on with other people, so you might be avoiding friendships and relationships, or finding them very difficult.
  • These extra symptoms are similar to symptoms of borderline personality disorder .

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    When To Seek Help For Ptsd

    A person who has experienced a traumatic event should seek professional help if they:

    • dont feel any better after two weeks
    • feel highly anxious or distressed
    • have reactions to the traumatic event that are interfering with home, work and/or relationships
    • are thinking of harming themselves or someone else.

    Some of the signs that a problem may be developing are:

    • being constantly on edge or irritable
    • having difficulty performing tasks at home or at work
    • being unable to respond emotionally to others
    • being unusually busy to avoid issues
    • using alcohol, drugs or gambling to cope
    • having severe sleeping difficulties.

    What Are The Signs & Symptoms Of Ptsd

    People with PTSD have symptoms of stress, anxiety, and depression that include many of the following:

    Intrusive thoughts or memories of the event

    • unwanted memories of the event that keep coming back
    • upsetting dreams or nightmares
    • acting or feeling as though the event is happening again
    • heartache and fear when reminded of the event
    • feeling jumpy, startled, or nervous when something triggers memories of the event
    • children may reenact what happened in their play or drawings

    Avoidance of any reminders of the event

    • avoiding thinking about or talking about the trauma
    • avoiding activities, places, or people that are reminders of the event
    • being unable to remember important parts of what happened

    Negative thinking or mood since the event happened

    • lasting worries and beliefs about people and the world being unsafe
    • blaming oneself for the traumatic event
    • lack of interest in participating in regular activities
    • feelings of anger, shame, fear, or guilt about what happened
    • feeling detached or estranged from people
    • not able to have positive emotions

    Lasting feelings of anxiety or physical reactions

    • trouble falling or staying asleep
    • feeling cranky, grouchy, or angry
    • problems paying attention or focusing
    • always being on the lookout for danger or warning signs
    • easily startled

    Signs of PTSD in teens are similar to those in adults. But PTSD in children can look a little different. Younger kids can show more fearful and regressive behaviors. They may reenact the trauma through play.

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    Negative Changes In Thinking And Mood

    • Feeling negatively about yourself and others
    • Lack of interest in activities you once found enjoyment in
    • Difficulty maintaining relationships with others
    • Memory problems not being able to remember parts of the traumatic event
    • Feelings of hopelessness for the future
    • Emotional numbness feeling detached from others
    • Inability to experience positive emotions

    How Canada Is Helping

    What is Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder?

    Canada is committed to addressing PTSD. We passed the Federal Framework on Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Act in June 2018. The Act recognizes that all Canadians can be at risk for PTSD and that a great number face higher risks because of the nature of their work.

    The Act led to a National Conference on PTSD in April 2019. Experts from across the country, including people with lived experience, shared their knowledge and views. With their involvement, we have developed Canadas first Federal Framework on Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

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    Negative Changes In Thoughts And Mood

    • You can’t remember an important aspect of the event
    • Persistent and elevated negative evaluations about yourself, others, or the world
    • Elevated self-blame or blame of others about the cause or consequence of the event
    • A pervasive negative emotional state
    • Loss of interest in activities that you used to enjoy
    • Feeling detached from others
    • You can’t experience positive emotions

    Next Steps For Ptsd Research

    In the last decade, progress in research on the mental and biological foundations of PTSD has lead scientists to focus on better understanding the underlying causes of why people experience a range of reactions to trauma.

    • NIMH-funded researchers are exploring trauma patients in acute care settings to better understand the changes that occur in individuals whose symptoms improve naturally.
    • Other research is looking at how fear memories are affected by learning, changes in the body, or even sleep.
    • Research on preventing the development of PTSD soon after trauma exposure is also under way.
    • Other research is attempting to identify what factors determine whether someone with PTSD will respond well to one type of intervention or another, aiming to develop more personalized, effective, and efficient treatments.
    • As gene research and brain imaging technologies continue to improve, scientists are more likely to be able to pinpoint when and where in the brain PTSD begins. This understanding may then lead to better targeted treatments to suit each persons own needs or even prevent the disorder before it causes harm.

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    Living With A Person Who Has Ptsd

    PTSD affects more than just the person who has it. People around them can be affected by their effects. Many people with PTSD are affected by anger or fear, which can strain relationships even in the strongest of families.

    If you know as much about PTSD as possible, you can become a better supporter and advocate for a loved one. You can find helpful tips from family members who have been in your position, or who are currently living with it, by joining a support group.

    Ensure that your loved one receives the proper treatment, which may include medication, therapy, or both.

    Additionally, try to acknowledge that maintaining a relationship with a person with PTSD can be challenging. The challenges are numerous. If you feel the need for caregiver support, reach out to mental health professional. Therapists are available to help you cope with stress, anxiety, and frustration.

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