Decreased Energy And Insomnia
Chronic fatigue and can also be caused by prolonged stress.
For example, one study of 2,483 people found that fatigue was strongly associated with increased stress levels .
Stress may also disrupt sleep and cause insomnia, which can lead to low energy.
One small study found that higher levels of work-related stress were associated with increased sleepiness and restlessness at bedtime .
Another study of 2,316 participants showed that experiencing a higher number of stressful events was significantly associated with an increased risk of insomnia .
These studies show an association, but they dont account for other factors that may have played a role. Further research is needed to determine if stress can directly cause decreased energy levels.
Other factors that may play a role in decreased energy levels include dehydration, low blood sugar, a poor diet or an underactive thyroid.
Summary Stress is associated with fatigue and disruptions in sleep, which may result in decreased energy levels.
Sexuality And Reproductive System
Stress is exhausting for both the body and mind. Its not unusual to lose your desire when youre under constant stress. While short-term stress may cause men to produce more of the male hormone testosterone, this effect doesnt last.
If stress continues for a long time, a mans testosterone levels can begin to drop. This can interfere with sperm production and cause erectile dysfunction or impotence. Chronic stress may also increase risk of infection for male reproductive organs like the prostate and testes.
For women, stress can affect the menstrual cycle. It can lead to irregular, heavier, or more painful periods. Chronic stress can also magnify the physical symptoms of menopause.
What Is An Acute Stress Reaction
An acute stress reaction occurs when symptoms develop due to a particularly stressful event. The word ‘acute’ means the symptoms develop quickly but do not usually last long. The events are usually very severe and an acute stress reaction typically occurs after an unexpected life crisis. This might be, for example, a serious accident, sudden bereavement, or other traumatic events. Road traffic accidents cause many casualties each year and you may be directly or indirectly affected by this kind of exceptionally stressful event. Acute stress reactions may also occur as a consequence of sexual assaults or domestic violence.
Acute stress reactions have been seen in people who experience terrorist incidents or major disasters. They may also occur in people who experience war in their countries. Military personnel are at more risk as a result of extreme experiences during conflicts.
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Chronic Vs Acute Stress
We often think about stress as being inherently bad and that stress should be avoided at all costs, says Tewari. However, low levels of stress are healthy for our systems and can be the impetus for motivation and action. Consider the responsibility of presenting information during a work meeting, for instance. The stress of public speaking may drive you to plan, prepare and practice for the job ahead, ultimately serving in your best interest, Tewari says.
These sporadic moments of tension are what experts often refer to as acute stress. This type of stress is short-lived and situational, brought on by high pressure moments, such as a narrowly averted accident or a public performance.
Chronic stress, on the other hand, isnt tied to a particular moment, says P. Priyanka, M.D., a psychiatrist and medical director at Community Psychiatry in Fresno, California. She attributes chronic stress to either a significant persistent problem or a combination of interchangeable problems over a period of time.
Chronic stress is something that lasts much longer than a month, says Dr. Priyanka. For example, take the person who lost their job and faced acute stress. If this person is not able to find another job and becomes homeless, they are facing chronic stress that goes beyond the first stressful event.
How Much Stress Is Too Much
Because of the widespread damage stress can cause, its important to know your own limit. But just how much stress is too much differs from person to person. Some people seem to be able to roll with lifes punches, while others tend to crumble in the face of small obstacles or frustrations. Some people even thrive on the excitement of a high-stress lifestyle.
Factors that influence your stress tolerance level include:
Your support network. A strong network of supportive friends and family members is an enormous buffer against stress. When you have people you can count on, lifes pressures dont seem as overwhelming. On the flip side, the lonelier and more isolated you are, the greater your risk of succumbing to stress.
Your sense of control. If you have confidence in yourself and your ability to influence events and persevere through challenges, its easier to take stress in stride. On the other hand, if you believe that you have little control over your lifethat youre at the mercy of your environment and circumstancesstress is more likely to knock you off course.
Your attitude and outlook. The way you look at life and its inevitable challenges makes a huge difference in your ability to handle stress. If youre generally hopeful and optimistic, youll be less vulnerable. Stress-hardy people tend to embrace challenges, have a stronger sense of humor, believe in a higher purpose, and accept change as an inevitable part of life.
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Can Anxiety Cause Weird Symptoms
Yes, anxiety can cause strange symptoms when it manifests in the body. Anxiety when physicalized in the body is referred to as somatization disorder. Other physical manifestations include cramps, headaches, fatigue, dizziness etc. Just like every other disorder, anxiety also comes with its own set of symptoms. Strange physical symptoms are one of the most common signs of anxiety..
Do Women React To Stress Differently Than Men Do
Yes, studies show that women are more likely than men to experience . Women who are stressed are more likely than men who are stressed to experience depression and anxiety. Experts do not fully know the reason for the differences, but it may be related to how mens and womens bodies process stress hormones. Long-term stress especially is more likely to cause problems with moods and anxiety in women.
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What Are Some Symptoms Of Stress
Stress affects everyone differently. Some ways that chronic or long-term stress affects women include:
- Pain, including back pain
- Acne and other skin problems, like rashes or hives
- Feeling like you have no control
- Overeating or not eating enough
- Being easily angered
- Loss of interest in things you once enjoyed
- Less interest in sex than usual
Physiological Symptoms Of Social Anxiety Disorder
The symptoms of social anxiety disorder are distinctive and unique, and impossible to ignore for those who suffer from them. Others tend to notice that something is amiss with social anxiety sufferers as well, and they may correctly identify it as discomfort around people, but they usually dont suspect the intensity of the anxiety that this misunderstood condition can cause.
For social anxiety sufferers, social encounters frequently produce a strong and instantaneous physical response, and the physiological symptoms or extreme stress and fear they experience are both unpleasant and difficult to control.
The physical symptoms of severe social anxiety include:
- Elevated heart rate
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Stress Management And Relief
There are many ways that you can help your mind and body adapt, and become more resilient to the negative impacts of lifes stresses.Exercise, dietary changes, relaxation, stress management courses, counselling, and medications can all play a role in managing, relieving or coping with stress.Exercise and Diet
Diet and exercise often play a central role in the relief of stress. It is important to eat a balanced healthy diet and avoid foods that may increase stress, eg: coffee, tea, and foods high in sugar. Exercise helps to release built up tension and increases fitness. This, in turn, increases the bodys ability to deal with stress and helps to avoid the damage to our health that prolonged stress can cause. Exercise should be undertaken at least three times a week to be of most benefit. If you are not used to exercise, discuss this with a doctor prior to commencing an exercise programme. Relaxation and mindfulness
Discussing concerns with an impartial person may assist with recognising stressors and deciding upon strategies to deal with them. This could be a professional therapist or a trusted family member, friend or colleague. Often the process of discussing a concern is enough to reduce the stress it is causing. Getting help should not be seen as a sign of weakness. Knowing when to ask for help may be one of the changes necessary to deal with stress more appropriately.Medications
Respiratory And Cardiovascular Systems
Stress hormones affect your respiratory and cardiovascular systems. During the stress response, you breathe faster in an effort to quickly distribute oxygen-rich blood to your body. If you already have a breathing problem like asthma or emphysema, stress can make it even harder to breathe.
Under stress, your heart also pumps faster. Stress hormones cause your blood vessels to constrict and divert more oxygen to your muscles so youll have more strength to take action. But this also raises your blood pressure.
As a result, frequent or chronic stress will make your heart work too hard for too long. When your blood pressure rises, so do your risks for having a stroke or heart attack.
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Sore Cracked Or Worn Down Teeth
One of the most common areas of severe stress symptoms in women is in their teeth.
If you wake up with a sore jaw in the morning, that probably means you have been grinding your teeth during the night.
This will not just hurt your teeth, but it can do more long term damage.
It can actually cause your teeth to be more easily cracked or to wear down the enamel on the bite surface of your teeth.
Chronic stress over the years can cause you to develop TMJ problems so severe it hurts just to chew.
Symptoms Of Severe Anxiety
Everyone experiences mild anxiety from time to time. Occasional stress over work and family obligations is a normal part of life, as is anxiety over situations like public speaking or unfamiliar surroundings. Some people, however, experience severe anxiety on a regular basis, or in situations that don’t usually cause extreme anxiety in others. In fact, it is estimated that around 40 million American adults are affected by severe anxiety in the form of an anxiety disorder in a given year. There are a number of different anxiety disorders, each with different manifestations of severe anxiety.
People with panic disorder experience sudden attacks of terror or fear with accompanying physical symptoms like a pounding heart, sweating, weakness or dizziness, nausea, chest pain, and difficulty breathing. During a panic attack, people often experience a sense of unreality and feel like they are losing control or having a heart attack.
Post-traumatic stress disorder is an anxiety disorder that develops after exposure to a traumatic event. People with PTSD often startle easily, feel emotionally numb, and can become irritable and aggressive. They are also prone to flashbacks to the traumatic event.
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What If My Symptoms Persist
Some people who have an acute stress reaction will find their symptoms persist for longer than one month. It may be necessary to discuss these symptoms with your doctor. There may be another explanation for your symptoms. Some people with long-term symptoms may need to be assessed to see if post-traumatic stress disorder is a possibility.
Although alcohol may apparently give short-term relief of symptoms it can be damaging. Drinking alcohol to ‘calm nerves’ may lead to problems with low mood, worse anxiety and problem drinking and is not recommended.
When To See Your Gp About Your Stress Levels
If you’ve tried self-help techniques and they aren’t working, you should go to see your GP. They may suggest other coping techniques for you to try or recommend some form of counselling or cognitive behavioural therapy.
If your stress is causing serious health problems, such as high blood pressure, you may need to take medication or further tests.
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When Should I Talk To A Doctor About Stress
You should seek medical attention if you feel overwhelmed, if you are using drugs or alcohol to cope, or if you have thoughts about hurting yourself. Your primary care provider can help by offering advice, prescribing medicine or referring you to a therapist.
A note from Cleveland Clinic
Its natural and normal to be stressed sometimes. But long-term stress can cause physical symptoms, emotional symptoms and unhealthy behaviors. Try relieving and managing stress using a few simple strategies. But if you feel overwhelmed, talk to your doctor.
Symptoms Of Generalized Anxiety Disorder
The defining feature of generalized anxiety disorder is excessive anxiety and worry occurring more days than not for at least six months. The intensity of the anxiety or worry is out of proportion to the actual likelihood or impact of the anticipated event or events.Other symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder include the following:
- Difficulty controlling worry
- Restlessness or feeling keyed up or on edge
- Easily fatigued
- Difficulty concentrating or mind going blank
- Psychosomatic symptoms: Headaches, stomachaches, dizziness, pins and needles
- Physical symptoms: Shortness of breath, rapid heartbeat, excessive sweating, shortness of breath, chest pain
- The anxiety, worry, or physical symptoms cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other areas of functioning
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Southern Cross Medical Library
The purpose of the Southern Cross Medical Library is to provide information of a general nature to help you better understand certain medical conditions. Always seek specific medical advice for treatment appropriate to you. This information is not intended to relate specifically to insurance or healthcare services provided by Southern Cross. For more articles go to the Medical Library index page.
The Difference Between Shyness And Social Anxiety Disorder
Many people describe themselves as shy, either in general or in specific social situations. Shyness has its roots in social anxiety, and when the symptoms are relatively mild the two terms can be used interchangeably.
But shyness should not be confused withsocial anxiety disorder, a debilitating mental health condition that impacts every area of a persons life. Shyness is a form of social anxiety, but social anxiety disorder is not synonymous with shyness.
Shyness represents one end of the social anxiety spectrum, where unpleasant symptoms are not severe enough to cause significant distress or patterns of avoidant behavior. Social anxiety disorder occupies the other end of the spectrum, and those who suffer fromits pervasive and persistent symptoms are forced to adapt their patterns of behavior to cope with stifling feelings of anxiety.
Severe social anxiety is also known as social phobia, which is a testament to the deep, intense fears people with social anxiety experience, and the extreme measures they take to avoid exposure to stressful situations.
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Simple Ways To Manage Stress
If stress is negatively impacting your life, there are steps you can take to find lasting stress relief. Here are 12 stress management techniques you can do on your own, or with the help of family, friends or a therapist:
Why Is My Anxiety Suddenly Worse
Anxiety is an emotion which can either help you or bring you down. It helps you by promoting focus, energy, productive habits, development of better relationship with others etc. However, it can also bring you down by making your thinking cloudy, your functioning ineffective, your motivation weak. So, what is the reason behind your sudden anxiety attack? Are you depressed? Are you worried about your future? Are you facing relationship problems? Are you unhappy with your job? Are you feeling the pressure of approaching exams? What is the cause of it? Whatever the reason may be, try to figure it out and resolve it. If you fail to do so, then you can try some deep breathing exercises to calm down..
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Stress Effects On The Body
Stress affects all systems of the body including the musculoskeletal, respiratory, cardiovascular, endocrine, gastrointestinal, nervous, and reproductive systems.
Stress effects on the body.
Our bodies are well equipped to handle stress in small doses, but when that stress becomes long-term or chronic, it can have serious effects on your body.
When the body is stressed, muscles tense up. Muscle tension is almost a reflex reaction to stressthe bodys way of guarding against injury and pain.
With sudden onset stress, the muscles tense up all at once, and then release their tension when the stress passes. causes the muscles in the body to be in a more or less constant state of guardedness. When muscles are taut and tense for long periods of time, this may trigger other reactions of the body and even promote stress-related disorders.
For example, both tension-type headache and migraine headache are associated with chronic muscle tension in the area of the shoulders, neck and head. Musculoskeletal pain in the low back and upper extremities has also been linked to stress, especially job stress.
Relaxation techniques and other stress-relieving activities and therapies have been shown to effectively reduce muscle tension, decrease the incidence of certain stress-related disorders, such as headache, and increase a sense of well-being. For those who develop chronic pain conditions, stress-relieving activities have been shown to improve mood and daily function.