Thursday, June 1, 2023

What Does Stress Do To The Body

Is It Possible To Get Cancer From Stress Or To Die From It

How stress affects your body – Sharon Horesh Bergquist

While its tough to link stress directly to a specific disease, we know that stress does contribute to serious illness, says Dossett. Forty percent of cancers are preventable with changes in lifestyle. Since stress makes you more likely to smoke, drink excessively, and eat in ways that cause obesity, its fair to say that there is a link between stress and disease, she says.

Maybe its no accident that most heart attacks occur on Monday the most stressful day of the week.

Physiological Effects Of Stress On The Brain

Stress is a chain reaction. When someone experiences a stressful event, the amygdala, an area of the brain that contributes to emotional processing, sends a distress signal to the hypothalamus, Harvard Health Publications of Harvard Medical School explains. This area of the brain functions like a command center, communicating with the rest of the body through the nervous system so that the person has the energy to fight or flee.

This fight-or-flight response is responsible for the outward physical reactions most people associate with stress including increased heart rate, heightened senses, a deeper intake of oxygen and the rush of adrenaline. Finally, a hormone called cortisol is released, which helps to restore the energy lost in the response. When the stressful event is over, cortisol levels fall and the body returns to stasis.

A Heightened Sense Of Smell And Ringing In Your Ears

Ever notice how a familiar smell can bring a flood of memories with it? Thats because the parts of the brain that deal with scent and emotion have a close relationship. For some people, emotional stress can bring with it a heightened sense of smell studies show that increased stress hormones in the body cause people to more accurately identify smells. One theory behind why: Lin says since stress puts the body in a hyper-aware state, the brain works harder to sniff out potential threats.

Some people also experience persistent ringing, buzzing, or chirping sounds in one or both ears when theyre stressed. Bergquist says this ringing, which is called tinnitus, may not always be related to whats going on the ears. The amygdala, which is part of the brain that reacts to stress, also helps to process sound which means stress and fear can cause ear ringing.

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Your Period Might Become Irregular If You Are Perpetually Stressed

Even if you’ve been tracking your menstrual cycle religiously and planning your calendar with meticulous care, do not be shocked if your period still drops by at the most inconvenient possible time or neglects to come at all. If you have been under a lot of stress and dealing with anxiety, your cycle could be all messed up.

As explained by Everyday Health, stress affects the hypothalamus, which affects the pituitary gland. And the chain doesn’t end there the pituitary gland affects your adrenal glands and ovaries, which majorly controls your hormones. This could affect everything from ovulation to your estrogen level. And, of course, if your ovaries are not functioning at their peak capacity, your otherwise predictable period may pay the price. You may experience irregularity or even secondary amenorrhea, a temporary halt to menstruation. If your usually-punctual period becomes erratic, talk to your doctor. It could definitely be stress, but you’ll want to rule out other potential culprits, too.

Q: How Does Stress Affect The Brain

How stress affects your body

Dr. Sinha: Chronic stress can make your brain behave in an Alzheimers-like manner. Stress adversely affects a key structure in the brain, the hippocampus, leading to impaired memory and problems with orientation and sense of direction.

These brain changes may have evolved to protect against the memory of traumatic and stressful events, like being attacked by a predator but losing short-term memory hinders todays brain-intensive lifestyle. We all recognize the frustration of forgetting where we put our keys, names of people we just met or other recent events.

Nor does stress help you function any better on brain-intensive tasks. In one study, scientists studied brain blood flow while subjects performed tasks that required sorting large amounts of dataessentially stressful multitasking. They found that the prefrontal cortex, the executive part of the brain used for planning, execution, reasoning and organization, was initially very active but then tired and shut down. That left the reptilian brain, the impulsive and emotional brain, in charge. Pay attention to how your emotions transform in the midst of multitasking, typically moving from initial clarity to confusion and frustration.

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The Parasympathetic Nervous System: Your Rest And Digest Response

Once the threat has passed, your parasympathetic nervous system, sometimes called the rest and digest response, kicks in. This is the second branch of your autonomic nervous system, and it functions as a mirror to the sympathetic branch.

Where the sympathetic system is preparing you for a threat, the parasympathetic is calming you down, Schindler says.

This occurs in part through a negative feedback system. When your body releases cortisol, it also initiates a feedback loop that prevents you from continuing to release additional cortisol. Without the additional stress hormones, your parasympathetic system is able to calm your body down when the threat subsides, allowing your heart rate to slow and returning your body to its baseline state.

Stress: The Hormonal Response

Stress is a normal part of life and can be good or bad for your body. For example, a bit of stress can motivate you to give a great presentation at work or ace a tough job interview. But major stress, even for a short time, or constant pressure over a long period, can be bad for your health.

A stressful situation whether youve just narrowly avoided a car accident, or youre worried about losing your job triggers the release of hormones that make our hearts pound, our breathing speed up, our muscles tense and our digestion slow down, says Dr. Laura Keys Campbell assistant director of Geisinger Adult Psychology Services. This fight or flight response is a survival mechanism that lets us react quickly to dangerous situations. But when stress is chronic and this system is activated too often, it can take a toll on our bodies.

In a truly dangerous situation, this response can be lifesaving. But if the reaction is triggered too often, the very system thats meant to protect us can be harmful.

Research shows that chronic stress and the hormones that surge through the body when its under stress contribute to high blood pressure, weight gain and susceptibility to infections and viruses, Dr. Campbell says. Over time, stress can also cause changes in the brain that may be linked to depression, anxiety and even addiction. And if stress is left unmanaged, it can heighten the effects of diseases like diabetes, heart disease, and chronic pain conditions.

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Need More Help Or Guidance

If youre having a hard time identifying whats causing your stress, or the effects arent going away, its time to seek help. Your doctor can work with you to identify causes and discuss coping techniques. They might also refer you to a licensed therapist or a professional counselor who can help you pinpoint and possibly eliminate sources of stress.And if constant stress leaves you with sudden chest pain and shortness of breath, get help immediately.

Listen to your body, Dr. Campbell says. And when it tells you its under stress, or you need help coping, pay attention to that message, so you can enjoy a long, healthy and high-quality life.

Geisinger Health Plan may refer collectively to Geisinger Health Plan, Geisinger Quality Options Inc., and Geisinger Indemnity Insurance Company, unless otherwise noted. Geisinger Gold Medicare Advantage HMO, PPO, and HMO D-SNP plans are offered by Geisinger Health Plan/Geisinger Indemnity Insurance Company, health plans with a Medicare contract. Continued enrollment in Geisinger Gold depends on annual contract renewal. Geisinger Health Plan Kids and Geisinger Health Plan Family are offered by Geisinger Health Plan in conjunction with the Pennsylvania Department of Human Services . Geisinger Health Plan is part of Geisinger, an integrated health care delivery and coverage organization.

Stress Could Be Driving Up Your Blood Pressure And Causing Heart Problems

What Does Stress Do To Your Body?

When instantaneous stress causes cortisol to be released into the bloodstream, your blood vessels are constricted. This makes your heart rate temporarily spike and creates a short-term blood pressure problem. Once you are no longer under stress, though, your blood pressure will return to its regular rate. No harm no foul, right?

Well, stress can be ongoing and seemingly endless. While we might not feel like we’re in imminent danger or have that recognizable rush of fight-or-flight adrenaline, the nonstop pressure of life’s little everyday things can still be taxing on our minds and bodies. Perpetual stress “causes our bodies to go into high gear on and off for days or weeks at a time,” according to the American Heart Association . The longterm effects of chronic stress on blood pressure and heart health continue to be studied, but Ernesto L. Schiffrin, physician-in-chief at Montreal’s Sir Mortimer B. Davis-Jewish General Hospital told the association, “Chronic stress has been shown to be associated with increased cardiovascular events.”

Furthermore, stress can cause you to lead a less healthy lifestyle making bad food choices, not exercising, drinking too much alcohol, etc. further fueling the risks to your heart, as noted by the AHA.

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You May Have Trouble Conceiving As A Result Of Stress

It is no surprise to hear that infertility causes stress. It can be devastating for someone who desperately wants to have a child be unable to. Could that stress and anxiety cause a couple to have even more problems conceiving, though?

While previous research has had a hard time definitively answering that question, a 2018 study published in Dialogues of Clinical Neuroscience found that women who addressed their emotional distress through “psychological interventions” had higher subsequent rates of pregnancy. What’s more, it was determined that “cognitive-behavioral group” therapy was the best approach to helping her mentally and physically.

Getting pregnant isn’t the only potential issue stressed out moms-to-be may have to face, though. Stress has long been considered a risk factor for miscarriage, as noted by Grow by WebMD. Obstetrician-Gynecologist Calvin J. Hobel, told the site, “We now know the effects of stress are very real and produce a specific physiologic reaction in the uterus. So you really need to reduce it whatever way you can.”

How Stress Affects Your Body From Your Brain To Your Digestive System

Its one thing to feel occasional stress. But when youre constantly under pressure and have no way to cope, your risk of developing serious illness climbs. Heres what you need to know about the long-term effects of living a stressed-out life.

If youve ever felt stressed out , you already know that being under pressure can affect your body, either by causing a headache, muscle tightness, or flutters in your chest making you feel down in the dumps or leaving you ravenous for chocolate or robbed of all appetite.

But these stress symptoms are merely the signals of the deeper impact that chronic stress can have on every organ and system in your body, from your nervous and circulatory systems to your digestive and immune systems.

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Stress Effects On The Body

Stress affects all systems of the body including the musculoskeletal, respiratory, cardiovascular, endocrine, gastrointestinal, nervous, and reproductive systems.

Stress effects on the body.

Our bodies are well equipped to handle stress in small doses, but when that stress becomes long-term or chronic, it can have serious effects on your body.

Musculoskeletal system

When the body is stressed, muscles tense up. Muscle tension is almost a reflex reaction to stressthe bodys way of guarding against injury and pain.

With sudden onset stress, the muscles tense up all at once, and then release their tension when the stress passes. causes the muscles in the body to be in a more or less constant state of guardedness. When muscles are taut and tense for long periods of time, this may trigger other reactions of the body and even promote stress-related disorders.

For example, both tension-type headache and migraine headache are associated with chronic muscle tension in the area of the shoulders, neck and head. Musculoskeletal pain in the low back and upper extremities has also been linked to stress, especially job stress.

Relaxation techniques and other stress-relieving activities and therapies have been shown to effectively reduce muscle tension, decrease the incidence of certain stress-related disorders, such as headache, and increase a sense of well-being. For those who develop chronic pain conditions, stress-relieving activities have been shown to improve mood and daily function.

What To Do And A Few Things To Avoid

What happens in your body when you get stressed

It might be tempting to combat stress by overeating or undereating, drinking alcohol or using tobacco. But doing any of those things provides temporary relief, at best and only adds to health problems in the long run.

Better options include exercise, deep breathing, meditation and yoga. Getting enough sleep and eating a healthy diet can also help your body deal with stress.

Exercise is an especially great way to reduce or eliminate stress, boost your energy levels and improve your mood not to mention your overall health, Dr. Campbell notes. And you dont have to run miles to get the benefits for your mind and body. You can start small by taking a daily walk.

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Stress And Your Health

Stress is a feeling of emotional or physical tension. It can come from any event or thought that makes you feel frustrated, angry, or nervous.

Stress is your body’s reaction to a challenge or demand. In short bursts, stress can be positive, such as when it helps you avoid danger or meet a deadline. But when stress lasts for a long time, it may harm your health.

You Could Become Depressed When Dealing With Excessive Stress

Stress and depression go hand in hand. As Esther Sternberg, researcher and neuroendocrine expert, revealed in an article for WebMD, “Like email and email spam, a little stress is good but too much is bad you’ll need to shut down and reboot.”

While all types of stress can have mental and emotional repercussions, prolonged stress is most commonly associated with clinical depression. Once again, stress hormones play the lead part in messing with your moods. Cortisol increases, and levels of serotonin and dopamine are reduced. Stress-induced depression can also be a vicious cycle of sorts. When you’re stressed or depressed, you tend to put self-care on the back burner.

However, there are many effective tools to help reduce stress and treat depression. One easy way to start is with low-impact exercise. Physical activity fosters the production of feel-good, mood-boosting endorphins. Thirty minutes of light jogging or biking can help with stress management and depression, according to WebMD. Of course, depression and chronic stress are each insidious and complex, so you should talk to your doctor about possible treatment options.

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Not All Stress Is Bad

In a dangerous situation, stress signals the body to prepare to face a threat or flee to safety. In these situations, your pulse quickens, you breathe faster, your muscles tense, and your brain uses more oxygen and increases activityall functions aimed at survival and in response to stress. In non-life-threatening situations, stress can motivate people, such as when they need to take a test or interview for a new job.

Stomach Ache Or Stressed Out

How stress affects your brain – Madhumita Murgia

Stress can affect your digestive system in a few ways.

During the stress response, your liver produces extra glucose, which gives you an energy boost. If your body stays in a constant state of stress, it may not be able to keep up with the extra glucose and this can increase your risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

The symptoms of stress can also upset your digestive system. In fact, youre more likely to have heartburn or acid reflux due to an increased amount of stomach acid. While stress doesnt cause ulcers, it can increase your risk for them and may cause existing ones to flare up.

Stress can also change the way food moves through your body. It may cause diarrhea, constipation, nausea, vomiting or a stomach ache.

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Video: How Stress Affects Your Brain

When we encounter a stressor, our brain and body respond by triggering a series of chemical reactions that prepare us to engage with or run away from the stressor. Two hormones that we release are adrenaline, which prepares muscles for exertion, and cortisol, which regulates bodily functions. If a stressor is exceptionally frightening, it might cause us to freeze and become incapacitated . The stress response triggered by these two hormones causes our:

  • Blood pressure to rise
  • Digestive system to slow down
  • Blood to clot more quickly

Thousands of years ago, people who stumbled upon a hungry saber-toothed tiger or other predator would be more likely to survive the encounter if they were able to spring up and sprint away swiftly. An increase in blood pressure and heart rate and a slowdown of digestive processes meant more energy could be directed toward escaping. If they couldnt run quickly enough, their odds of surviving a wound from the hungry tiger were better if their blood clotted rapidly.

Today, this physical response to stress, if unrelieved, can be damaging to our health. Unrelieved stress is a known risk factor in many of the leading causes of premature death among adults, including conditions and illnesses such as heart disease, hypertension, stroke, type 2 diabetes, and a poorly functioning immune system . Chronic stress is also a potential risk factor for depression, addiction, and suicide .

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