Suggestions For Your Visit
There are things you can do to get the best out of your visit to a health professional:
- If you are making an appointment with a doctor or nurse, ask if you can have extra time to talk because the usual 15 minutes may not be enough.
- Ask a friend or whnau member to come with you as a support person and to give their perspective if you want them to.
- Write down the anxiety and/or depression signs you have been experiencing.
- Write down the things youve tried that have helped and not helped.
- If your current treatment is not working, ask for alternatives.
Remember, if youre not satisfied with your health professional, you can change to another one. Its really important to like and trust the professionals you talk to.
“My cousin, he gave me that kick, gave me that shove that I needed to talk to a professional person. I went and talked to a counsellor, and that was my turning point.Paul
The Relationship Between Depression And Anxiety Is Complicated
While it would be great if there were a fool-proof way of telling you whether you have anxiety or depression, it’s not quite that simple. One person can easily have both anxiety and depression, and some people may have developed depression symptoms as a result of their anxiety disorder.
It’s a bit more difficult than saying “you have anxiety” or “you have depression” because it’s possible to have combinations of both. This may be called a “comorbid” condition when you suffer from both conditions simultaneously. Symptoms of one or the other may bleed into whichever disorder you have, because both share similar causes, issues, etc.
Depression And Suicide: Getting Help In A Crisis
Some people who are depressed may think about hurting themselves or committing suicide . If you or someone you know is having thoughts about hurting themselves or committing suicide please seek immediate help. The following resources can help:
- Call to reach a 24hour crisis center or dial 911. is the National Suicide Prevention Lifelineexternal icon, which provides free confidential help to people in crisis. The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administrationexternal icon runs this lifeline.
- Get help from your primary doctor or other health care provider.
- Reach out to a close friend or loved one.
- Contact a minister, spiritual leader, or someone else in your faith community.
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Take Care Of Yourself
- Be attentive to your feelings, emotions and reactions and allow yourself to voice them to someone you trust. Write them down or express them through physical or other types of activity.
- Make use of physical activity to let the stress out and eliminate tension.
- Practice healthy living habits like proper nutrition and sufficient sleep.
- Limit your access to stressors.
- Allow yourself lifes little pleasures such as listening to music, taking a warm bath, reading, etc.
- Remain in contact with people that do you good.
- Remind yourself of winning strategies you used in the past to get through difficult times.
- Count on your own strengths.
- Set limits for yourself, such as refusing a task that you do not want to do and that is non-essential.
- Learn to delegate and let others help you .
Ways To Identify The Conditions
If you are experiencing signs and symptoms of anxiety and depression, one place to start is to speak with your primary care doctor. They can do an initial screening and may look for medical conditions that could be contributing to your symptoms. You will likely then be referred to a mental health professional for an official clinical diagnosis.
The mental health professional will use the standard reference manual for diagnosing recognized mental illnesses in the United States, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition .
The DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for depression and each anxiety disorder are different. A diagnosis might be harder to make when anxiety and depression overlap.
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Breathing And Relaxation Exercises
Many people find exercises that focus on breathing and muscle relaxation to be helpful in relieving stress. The playlist below will help you to understand how stress works and start feeling better. These exercises can be done anywhere and are designed to help you feel more relaxed in general, as well as helping you feel calmer if you are becoming stressed.
This playlist is free to download, and you can also stream it using the Soundcloud website or app. You can download and listen to individual tracks if there are particular exercises that work best for you. If you’re listening to it for the first time, it’s best to start from the beginning.
To access a BSL version of this playlist, .
Find out more by checking out these 10 stress busters.
They Also Share The Ability To Recover
The good news is that both are generally treatable. There are several ways to ensure that you’re able to control and even cure both anxiety and depression, provided you make the commitment to improving your mental health in the long term. No matter how hopeless it may feel, there are actual, effective ways to improve your mental health in the long term, provided you’re prepared for a few bumps that may occur along the way.
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Te Taha Whnau Spend Time With Other People
Connecting with people can help you feel better faster. Sometimes it helps to plan your social contacts ahead of time, and to go even if you dont feel like it on the day:
- Meet up with a friend for a coffee.
- Help out at the local community centre or marae.
- Join a local group or a club.
- Go to family or whnau birthdays, anniversaries and get-togethers.
- Spend more time with the children and mokopuna.
- Join an online forum or chat group.
“What helps the most are people who accept it, listen to me and support me. My partner and family who are always there for me, no matter what. They give me hope and push me to keep fighting.Angela
Signs And Symptoms Of Stress Overload
The most dangerous thing about stress is how easily it can creep up on you. You get used to it. It starts to feel familiar, even normal. You dont notice how much its affecting you, even as it takes a heavy toll. Thats why its important to be aware of the common warning signs and symptoms of stress overload.
- Other mental or emotional health problems
- Chest pain, rapid heart rate
- Loss of sex drive
- Sleeping too much or too little
- Withdrawing from others
- Using alcohol, cigarettes, or drugs to relax
- Nervous habits
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The Differences Between The Two Disorders
The best way to understand the difference between the two disorders is with the primary symptoms, starting with the mental symptoms.
- Apprehension over what’s about to happen and what could happen in the future.
- Worried thoughts, or a belief that something could go wrong.
- Feeling like you need to run away or avoid things that could cause further anxiety.
- Feeling of sadness about the future, as though it’s hopeless.
- Listlessness, and a lack of belief that positive things will occur.
- Little worry, but instead a certainty of future negative emotions. Possible suicidal thoughts.
Those with anxiety often find themselves feeling like something bad might happen and they’re worried it will. Those with depression often assume a bad future and don’t expect anything else or think there’s anything worth preventing.
Depression can occur after someone experiences anxiety, because someone that deals with severe anxiety may end up feeling drained and hopeless once their anxiety or anxiety attack is over. That’s why the two conditions can be difficult to tell apart. Similarly, those with depression can still fear certain things getting worse, despite already being of the belief that the future is less positive or bright.
- Severe lack of energy or drive.
- Flat affect along with slowed thinking and behaviors.
- Severe appetite changes, headaches, and sleep problems.
What Are The Tips To Manage Stress
When you can manage stress, eventually it will be helpful in coping with depression. In addition, it can even be effective in inhibiting depressive symptoms from developing.Below are some of the tips to manage stress:
- get enough sleep
- follow a regular exercise routine
- take infrequent breaks from work
- find a relaxing hobby that soothes your soul
- consume less caffeine or alcohol
- deep breaths to lower the heart rate
In cases where lifestyle choices are the primary reason for stress arousal, a fine lifestyle change would be required. Change the ways and habits of personal or professional life.Some of the ways to decrease the stress would be:
- Do not expose yourself to a stressful situation
- Do not take extra pressure on your job
- Do not take the burden of heavy feelings alone, talk to your loved ones about how you feel
- Surround yourself to positive and soul-filling people
- Cut yourself from the toxic people
Discuss your stressful feelings with an expert to receive proper guidance towards a bright world.Stay connected with Canwinn Foundation!
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How To Get A Clinical Diagnosis
Theres no single test that can diagnose depression or anxiety. Instead, your doctor will likely conduct a physical exam and a depression or anxiety screening test. For this, theyll ask you a series of questions that help them get a better insight into what youve been experiencing.
If the results arent clear or if your doctor suspects the symptoms may be the result of another condition, they may order tests to rule out underlying issues. Blood tests can check your thyroid, vitamin, and hormone levels.
In some cases, general practitioners will refer you to a mental health expert, such as a psychiatrist or psychologist, if they dont feel equipped to properly manage your symptoms and conditions or if they suspect youre experiencing more than one condition.
Although depression and anxiety are two separate conditions, they share many of the same treatments. A combination of these may be used to treat both conditions at the same time.
Te Taha Wairua Reconnect With Your Purpose
Everyone needs meaning and purpose in life, to connect with their wairua or their spiritual source:
- Do things that make you feel connected such as meditation, enjoying the sunset or listening to music.
- Open yourself to inspirational readings, stories or videos.
- Spend time in your trangawaewae or the place you belong and feel safe in.
- Talk to a spiritual adviser, such as a priest or a tohunga.
“The whnau better understood what was happening for me than I knew myself, and they guided me through a process of kaupapa Mori healing. Mostly, reconnecting me with my whenua, my moana, my maunga and my marae, and guiding me through tikanga and matters of wairuatanga.Tania
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Complementary And Alternative Treatments
Complementary and alternative treatments have developed outside the mainstream of modern western medicine or psychology and some people find them helpful. Most of them, such as homeopathy and many herbal remedies do not have a scientific evidence base. There is some evidence that acupuncture reduces anxiety and that St Johns wort is effective for depression. If you plan to try a complementary or alternative treatment, you might want to talk to your pharmacist, doctor or nurse first.
“Acupuncture really helped me recover from depression and anxiety. I felt better after the first treatment but after several treatments over three weeks I had gone from being severely depressed back to my baseline happiness.Anonymous
Tohunga and other Mori healers provide rongo Mori healing that offers:
- Mirimiri .
- Rkau rongo .
- Whitiwhiti krero .
“I had to first connect with the wairua, through karakia, waiata, and also regular visits to the awa. The main thing I had to do was krero, talk and unload.Jamie
Where Can I Get More Help And Information
The following advice is as accurate and as comprehensive as possible but it is only general advice and should not be used as a substitute for the individual advice you might receive from consulting your own doctor.
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Two Years Of Covid: Stress Domestic Violence And Depression Also Saw Multiple Waves
PUNE The last two years taught that the Covid-19 pandemic was not only biological but also psycho-social. Hence, the strategies to prevent and control Covid or any pandemic disease also need to be on both these fronts. To avoid pandemic of fear, suspicion and moralisation, there is a need to implement more in-depth and basic strategies to establish an egalitarian society. Study by experts on the social psychology of pandemics shows that temporary and short-sighted measures are insufficient to deal with any pandemic.
The study states that, at times, such solutions may appear beyond the domain of public health and there is a need to expand the public health reach for larger good. The lockdown shows some irrational and insensitive reaction of people towards the infected and the vaccine.
Awate said the scientific community and the health infrastructure have proven itself and highlighted its shortcomings during this pandemic. The two years of lockdown, pandemic and illnesses have also highlighted the psychological and social Impact of the virus infection and this often-neglected aspect needs to be studied thoroughly.
The Pune zilla parishad data by the womens safety and vigilance committee for Pune rural areas found that in the past two years since the pandemic, 6,032 surveys were registered of which the committee could resolve over 97% of the cases which is about 905 cases and 3% or 27 cases had to be forwarded to the protection officer for further enquiry.
Difference Between Stress Anxiety And Depression
Making women aware of health on this special occasion is a very important topic. Women’s health is being discussed post covid. In this article, we will learn ways to improve the mental health of women.
What to do if you feel mentally unwell?
The way we take medicine or contact the doctor when there is a fever and headache. Similarly, when we feel mentally ill, we need a good psychologist. Many of us do not like to go to the doctor or psychologist when we are mentally unwell, because we have given the name of mental trouble as a stigma. But this does not happen, along with the problems of the body, it is necessary to treat the mental problems on time.
Symptoms of depression in women
Depression has become a very common word, which everyone has started using wrongly these days. But it is not so, minor problems do not have to be depression. There are many symptoms of depression. For example, not talking to people, locking yourself in the room for a long time, restlessness, lack of interest in work, etc. But the same symptoms are also of stress. In such a situation, it is important to understand the difference between depression and stress. The doctor says that if you are worried about anything for more than 3 to 6 months, then it can be a state of depression. In such a situation, immediately consult a psychologist. Being in depression for a long time can be the result of a serious condition.
Difference between stress, anxiety, and depression
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Immune System In Depression
Increasing studies suggest that psychological stress has an important effect on the immune system , while researches showing that components of immune system such as interleukin-1 , IL-6, soluble IL-2 receptors and tumor necrosis factor-alpha were elevated in depressive patients indicate that the immune system is closely associated with depression. Peripheral inducers of immune cytokines may generate symptoms of depression and in the brain, these inducers may decrease monoamine levels that most current antidepressants aim to increase.
As an important regulator of brain-body interaction, immune mediators such as cytokines affect diverse central nervous system functions involved in depression such as cognition, sleep and reward .
Although IL-1 plays a necessary and sufficient role in the cytostatic effect of stress on hippocampal progenitor cells, IL-6 may also conduce to the inhibition of proliferation . This may be consistent with the hypothesis that hippocampal neurogenesis is necessary for the treatment of depression . Furthermore, mice with IL-6 gene deleted manifested resistance to the development of depressive symptoms induced by stress , which could be adopted as a tool to study the mechanism underlying the pathology of depression and to screen potential antidepressant drugs.
Who Is Affected By Stress
All of us can probably recognise some of the feelings described above. Some people seem to be more affected by stress than others. For some people, getting out of the door on time each morning can be a very stressful experience, whereas others may be less affected with a great deal of pressure.
Some people are more likely to experience stressful situations than others. For example:
- people with a lot of debt or financial insecurity are more likely to be stressed about money
- people from minority ethnic groups or who are LGBTIQ+ are more likely to be stressed about prejudice or discrimination
- people with disabilities or long-term health conditions are more likely to be stressed about their health or about stigma associated with their condition.
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Stress Damages The Movement Centers In The Brain
- University of Bonn
- Stress seems to have a negative effect on the learning of movements – at least in mice. This is the conclusion of a recent study. According to the study, the neurons of rodents lose some of their contacts with other neurons after stress. The animals also developed motor deficits. The results may be useful for earlier diagnosis and improved therapy of stress-related diseases such as depression. They also document that stress leaves traces in the brain – possibly permanent ones.
Stress seems to have a negative effect on the learning of movements — at least in mice. This is the conclusion of a recent study at the University of Bonn. According to the study, the neurons of rodents lose some of their contacts with other neurons after stress. The animals also developed motor deficits. The results may be useful for earlier diagnosis and improved therapy of stress-related diseases such as depression. They also document that stress leaves traces in the brain — possibly permanent ones. The study appeared in the journal Translational Psychiatry.
Chronically stressed people often show abnormalities in their motor skills, such as poorer fine motor control. However, how these symptoms occur has hardly been studied so far. “We investigated this question in our study,” explains Prof. Dr. Valentin Stein from the Institute of Physiology II at the University of Bonn.
Stressed mice lose synapses
Even resilient animals are not immune